Welcome back, everyone.
In our daily duties as a nurse,
we may encounter situations
where we need to protect ourselves
during routine procedures.
An effective way to do this
is through standard precautions.
Standard precautions are meant to reduce
the risk of transmission of bloodborne
and other pathogens from both recognized
and unrecognized sources.
How do you do it?
First, soap and water
if hands are visibly soiled.
If your hands are not visibly soiled,
then alcohol gel is preferred method.
When do you perform hand hygiene?
Before and after contact with a client,
immediately after touching blood,
body fluids, non-intact skin,
or contaminated items
even when gloves are worn
Immediately after removing gloves.
When moving from contaminated body sites
to clean body sites
during client care.
After touching objects
and medical equipment
in the immediate client-care vicinity.
And before eating,
after using the restroom,
and after coughing
or sneezing into a tissue
as part of respiratory hygiene.
Use a personal protective equipment
The use of gloves:
When touching blood, body fluids,
non-intact skin, mucous membranes,
and contaminated items.
Also, during activities
involving vascular access
such as performing phlebotomies.
Wearing surgical masks, goggles,
and face shields.
When there's a reasonable chance that
a splash or spray of blood or body fluids
may occur to the eyes, mouth, or nose.
When skin or clothing is likely
to be exposed to blood or body fluids.
Remove PPE immediately after use
and wash your hands.
It's important to remove PPE
in the proper order
to prevent contamination
of skin or clothing.
Use biohazard bag when PPE
or other disposable items
are saturated with blood
or body fluids,
such that the fluid may be poured,
squeezed, or dripped from the item.
PPE that is not saturated
may be placed directly into the trash.
Let's talk a little bit about needle stick
and sharps injury prevention.
Be sure to activate safety devices
on needles and other sharps
immediately after use.
Discard used needles immediately after use
and don't recap.
Bend, cut, remove
from the syringe or tube holder
or otherwise manipulate.
Place any used needles, lancets,
or other contaminated sharps
in a leak-proof,
puncture-resistant sharps container
is either red in color
or labeled with a biohazard label.
Do not overfill sharps containers
and discard them after
they're about two-thirds full,
or when the contents are at the full line
indicated on the container.
Take used sharps containers
to a collection facility,
such as an area pharmacy,
hospital, or clinic
that provides that service.
Now let's talk about respiratory hygiene
or coughing etiquette.
Cover the nose and mouth with a tissue
when coughing or sneezing
or using the crook of your elbow
to contain respiratory droplets.
Use tissues to contain
and discard in the nearest
waste receptacle after use.
Perform hand hygiene
immediately after contact
with respiratory secretions
and contaminated objects or materials.
As clients with signs and symptoms
of respiratory illness
to wear a surgical mask
while waiting in common areas
or placing them immediately
in examination rooms
or areas away from others.
Provide tissues and no touch receptacles
for use tissue disposal.
such as tissues, waste baskets,
and surgical masks,
and waiting rooms
and other common areas
in local public health agencies.
Now, let's talk about
safe injection practices.
Use a new needle or syringe
every time a medication vial
or IV bag is accessed.
Use a new needle or syringe
with each injection of a client.
Use medication vials
for one client only whenever possible.
Ensure saved waste management.
Treat waste contaminated
with blood, body fluids,
secretions and excretions
as clinical waste
in accordance with local regulations.
Treat human tissues
and laboratory waste
that is directly associated
with specimen processing as clinical waste.
Discard single-use items appropriately
provision of adequate staff and supplies
together with leadership
and education of health workers,
patients, and visitors,
is critical for an enhanced safety climate
in healthcare settings.
So what do we learn today?
Standard precautions are the basic level
of infection control precautions
which are to be used at a minimum
in the care of all patients.
Hand hygiene is a major component
of standard precautions
and one of the most effective methods
to prevent the transmission of pathogens
associated with healthcare.
And, finally, in addition to hand hygiene,
the use of personal protective equipment
should be guided by risk assessment
and the extent of contact anticipated
with blood and body fluids
So I hope you've enjoyed
the today's video standard precautions
Thanks so much for watching.