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Self-Concept, Self-Identity and Social Identity (PSY)

by Tarry Ahuja, MD
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    00:00 Let’s talk about what you think about yourself. And how do you think about yourself? These are notions of self-concepts, self- identity and social identity.

    00:10 Self-concept or self-identity, those terms are used interchangeably.

    00:15 It’s defined as the sum of an individual’s knowledge and understanding of self.

    00:21 That’s a little bit different than self-consciousness, which is the awareness of one’s self.

    00:25 So you know who you are with self-consciousness.

    00:28 But self-concept or identity talks about specific individual traits that you think you might have.

    00:35 So self-concept includes things like physical, psychological and social attributes that it attributes to yourself.

    00:41 So individuals have beliefs about themselves.

    00:44 And this is the terms that you’ll need to know called Self-schemata, okay.

    00:48 This are representations that you have of yourself based on those different properties of physical, psychological or social attributes.

    00:58 Self-concept can be split into two broad bins.

    01:02 The first being Personal identity.

    01:04 And this is your own, one’s own sense of personal attributes.

    01:08 So do you think you are smart? Do you think you are funny? Do you think you are athletic? So you’re now attributing specific attributes to yourself.

    01:17 Versus Social-identity, which is social definitions of who you are.

    01:21 So what is your gender, race, religion? What job do you have? These things define your social-self versus the personal identity is more specific to your personal attributes.

    01:30 Now, let’s take a look at Different Aspects of Identity.

    01:36 And I know, we love acronyms.

    01:38 And this is going to really help you to study. But we use the acronym of ADDRESSING.

    01:42 Or we’re going to go through each letter of what it stands for.

    01:44 And now I’m hop in to kind of understand and memorize all the things that you need to know for the MCAT.

    01:49 What are the first things that will help identify you are things like your age.

    01:54 Are you really, really young? Are you really, really elderly? Or are you just in the middle? Disability status Religion Ethnicity or race Sexual orientation Socioeconomic status And these refers to sort of, where do you fall in the ladder of society? Are you a blue collar worker with minimal education? Are you somewhere in the middle? Are you highly educated? Or are you a professional or a little more affluent? These things we call Socioeconomic status.

    02:22 And they play huge role and a lot of different variables I will talk about in this section and others.

    02:28 Indigenous background National of origin or nationality Gender These all have a key role in helping describe and define your identity.

    02:42 What we have here is a summary table we’re going to go through.

    02:46 And it’s kind of look at the different points that we just brought up for the ADDRESSING Framework.

    02:51 And we’re going to look at the groups in this example that have power versus those who have less power for that specific identifier.

    02:59 So these are sort of generalizations. And they’re not meant to stereotype but they’re meant to help at least identify that the broader range that you can have within each of this characteristics.

    03:10 So for example, adults tend to have more power in terms of identity versus young children even adolescence and even elders, okay.

    03:19 So it’s that middle group of let’s say, roughly, 30 to 60, would be more powerful than young children, adolescence, or the elderly.

    03:31 Temporarily abled-body versus person with disability.

    03:36 We say temporarily, 'cause at some point you’re going to transition to becoming I don’t want to say disable but have some disabilities.

    03:43 Religion Christians versus Jews, Muslims and other non-Christians which are in a lot situation identified as visual minorities in terms of religion and this is probably your Eurocentric or U.S. centric.

    03:59 So that’s why somebody is might not aligned with based on where you’re watching this.

    04:04 Ethnicity and race So you’re American versus people of color, Heterosexuals versus gay men, lesbians and bisexuals.

    04:11 Socioeconomic status owning being within the middle class and having education, having a good job versus being poor and being with a working class, being non-native versus being native, being U.S. born versus being an immigrant or refugee, being male versus female, transgender, intersex.

    04:31 So I went kind of quickly 'cause I don’t need you to sort of memorize this.

    04:35 This is to highlight the fact that based on these characteristics you can have those who kind of fall higher up in terms of power versus those who are lower on the scale.

    04:45 And this is going to be very individual.

    04:46 It’s going to be very regional specific.

    04:48 Where are you base? what country you are in? What’s your cultural community look like? Right now, we were going more from the U.S standpoint.

    04:56 But you can see how there is this difference.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Self-Concept, Self-Identity and Social Identity (PSY) by Tarry Ahuja, MD is from the course Self-Identity.


    Author of lecture Self-Concept, Self-Identity and Social Identity (PSY)

     Tarry Ahuja, MD

    Tarry Ahuja, MD


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