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Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) – Regulation of Ambulatory Blood Pressure (ABP)

by Thad Wilson, PhD
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    The next neurohumoral factor that is going to come into play is the renin-angiotensin- aldosterone system. Here, the RAAS system is sensed first by a change in mean arterial blood pressure. So let's take the example of a fall in mean arterial blood pressure. As blood pressure falls, the afferent arteriole that goes into the glomerular capsule will sense this fall in pressure. It releases a substance called renin. Renin then changes a liver plasma protein called angiotensinogen in the angiotensin I. Angiotensin I is then converted through angiotensin- converting enzyme, also abbreviated as ACE, into angiotensin II. There is ACE throughout the whole body but we talk about it primarily in the lungs because all of your circulation out of the right side of the heart travels through your lungs and so a lot of the conversion takes place in your lungs. Once you have angiotensin II, that is now an active molecule that can undergo various physiological functions. It directly acts on the kidney and causes increases in aldosterone. Aldosterone will directly relate to increasing sodium reabsorption in the distal tubule. If you reabsorb more sodium and more water, you're going to end up increasing your blood volume which increases your preload, which then increases your cardiac output, which then increases your mean arterial pressure and that should raise mean arterial pressure back to normal levels. So just like the baroreflex responding to a decrease in mean arterial pressure, increased mean arterial pressure through cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system only works through cardiac output to increase mean arterial pressure. Angiotensin II, I mentioned, has some direct effects. These direct effects are in terms of changing blood volume through the sodium retention as well as some retention of water more indirectly because as you retain...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) – Regulation of Ambulatory Blood Pressure (ABP) by Thad Wilson, PhD is from the course Vascular Physiology.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Liver
    2. Lungs
    3. Adrenal gland
    4. Kidney

    Author of lecture Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) – Regulation of Ambulatory Blood Pressure (ABP)

     Thad Wilson, PhD

    Thad Wilson, PhD


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