Okay, let’s talk about prejudice and bias.
Think of you right now.
You are looking at me. You are watching me.
And in your mind, you’ve probably created
some prejudice or bias about me.
So you don’t necessarily need to do that
in a negative mean spirited way
but you might look at an individual
and very quickly making an assessment.
But sometime that assessment goes on
and develops into a prejudice
and it might have some
negative connotation to it.
So, what’s striving that? You know, is it emotion?
Is it you cognitively thinking that through?
Let’s take a look at some of those variables.
One thing that we know that can contribute
to prejudice is how you view individuals.
And that consolely develop
into an actual stereotype.
Stereotype are over-simplified ideas about large
groups of peoples based on their characteristics.
And those can be simple things like:
race, gender, sexual orientation, religion.
These are things that separate us from one another
but really shouldn’t be used to make
generalizations about that groups as a whole.
So stereotypes can have both
positive and negative connotations.
What can be a positive stereotype?
Something like, a certain culture.
Let’s just pick anybody. So let’s say Italians.
The Italians are really,
really hard working individuals.
Or a stereotype might be that
Asians are amazing at math.
And all Indians become doctors.
These are all what we can considered
But, are they true and valid?
Not always, right.
So that’s the positive stereotype.
And then, you can have something
like a negative stereotype,
like a certain culture is extremely lazy.
or that culture is all abandoned
of thieves and terrorist.
Again, these are negative connotations
towards that larger group
and so were stereotype them based on
some proposed prejudices.
What is a prejudice?
Now, a prejudice refers to
thoughts, attitudes, and feelings about a group
not based on actual experience.
Couple of words I want to highlight here
are thoughts, attitudes and feelings.
This is a kind a lot of internalization.
This is you thinking at certain way.
You might never even vocalize
or share your prejudice.
You might just keep that into yourselves, saying,
“You know, I really don’t like hairy guy’s named Terry.”
And you used to keep that to yourself.
And you don’t ever tell anybody that.
and one day you might meet a hairy guy named Terry.
And again, you might not act or say any different saying,
“Hi, how are you. Nice to meet you Terry.”
But in your mind you’re like,
“Oh there’s one of those guys again.”
And so, it’s not actually based on
some previous experience.
It’s just how you’re feeling.
And you don’t necessarily share that.
Now, discrimination is a little bit different.
This is involves you acting
in a certain way towards a group.
You might now say, “I don’t ever want
to be around a guy named Terry.
I don’t want ever shake his hand.
I don’t like those guys.”
And so, you’re actually changing
your action as supposed to prejudice,
you would shake my hand and say hello.
Now, because you’re discriminating against me,
you actually even won’t to look at me,
talk to me or give me the time of the day.
And so some of the things that I can
influence in change discrimination
include things like power, prestige and class.
Where the more power and prestige
in higher class you are
the more – the easier it for you to actually
execute and implement this discrimination.
In the discrimination module that we’ve done,
we’ve talk about how
somebody who is extremely powerful
can may be determine
who they want actually hire with their
company and discriminate towards against
a certain culture, race or gender,
Saying, This is a boys club. I don’t think
we need to hire any woman guys. So and so.
Again, they might not share that with
everybody with that internal discussion.
But they have the power in order to
discriminate and keep certain individuals out.
But they’re acting. They are actually,
there is a behavioral change there.