Okay, let’s get into looking at
two different aspects of stereotypes.
We’ve now mentions stereotypes
and what they actually mean.
Or we’re going to get into two different factors
and how they impact stereotypes.
So the first being, self-fulfilling prophecy,
as also known as the Pygmalion effect.
And what we’re talking about here is when
specific stereotypes lead to behaviors
that affirm the original stereotype or belief.
What do we saying?
We are saying that you might
actually stereotype somebody.
And that individual grasps the stereotype
or here’s what you’re saying
and actually slowly begins morph
into that actual stereotype.
So, that’s the name self-fulfilling prophesy.
You are adding that label. That individual
might actually deserve that label.
But over time actually adapt there behaviors
to start to express that actual stereotype.
So individuals made themselves be impacted
in this way by stereotypes others actually have.
And we’re going to a couple of examples.
Look at three different scenarios.
The first, is in the classroom.
And this was a some really cool work
done by Rosenthal and Jacobson.
And what they did was, they have
a scenario in the high school environment.
And so that a high school teacher
and they told the different students that
the whole bunch of them are very, very clever.
Seeing you guys are very, very good, smart.
And then they administered the test.
And they had two co-hoard or two groups.
So the first group was told that they were smart.
And then they looked at group who were told nothing.
And they work the same test
and did the exact same things.
And what they found was,
those that were told
that you are very clever, you’re very smart
actually did better on the exam.
So giving on that stereotype of like,
you guys are the bright ones.
You guys are doing very, very clever,
that actually resonates with them.
And they start to adapt thier behavior.
Now, it’s a fairly convoluted process
in terms of what’s happening behind the scenes.
But if you want to simplify, we can say
that’s stereotype is becoming true because of
the change and the beliefs of the individual.
Another scenario is in the workplace.
This is an example of the two way stereotype.
So, from the perspective of the boss,
the boss might say to his employee,
“You know, I’m expecting big things from you.
You had a great start of the year
and you’re doing fantastic.
And I want you to keep that momentum going.
And keep your learning that be doing great.
Well that employee in their minds says
he believes that the boss has a stereotype
because the boss has said to him that
I think you’re doing very well. You’re very bright.
This now employee things I am bright and starts
to actually fulfill that prophesy by saying,
I am going to work hard. I’m going to continue
to do these extracurricular learnings
so that I can improve myself at work.
And thinking of the boss will say,
"You are doing great."
Now, vice versa, the employee
thinking about his boss saying,
“You know what my boss is really, really good.
He gives me a positive feedback.
I think he is a pretty good boss.
And now, all of a sudden the boss sees that
you’re actually performing very well.
And you are fulfilling your stereotype of being
bright and taking these extra learnings.
And all of a sudden, he sees you that
you’re fulfilling your prophesy as well.
So it’s kind of a circular motion there.
Now, here is another situation. This one is
probably much more common relatable to you.
And that’s being in a social setting.
This is the stereotype that
we actually have individuals.
And we through our actions
make them come true.
So say for example, you say, “I don’t like lawyers.
I think they’re very rude.”
Now, is that an accurate stereotype?
Maybe in some cases but let’s say no.
So, all lawyers are amazing and super nice.
But you have this stereotype and you’ve
expresses stereotype that lawyers are rude.
Now, as a result you might adapt
your behavior and saying,
“Well, you know what because I feel at the rude.
I don’t want actually, I don’t want to talk to them.
and I don’t want to interact with them.
And now, you’ve distance yourself
and you have no interaction with lawyers.
Now a lawyer might actually
pick up on this and say,
“You know what, that person really
hasn’t interacting with me.
And I don’t think I like them.
I think they’re quite rude.
And so, now they don’t interact with you.
And now, if you go on that circular motion,
you think of the fact you started by saying,
“I think lawyers are rude.”
You’ve adapted your behavior. As a result,
They have adapted their views and their behavior.
And that’s a self-fulfilling prophesy,
in a circular motion again.
So now, they are not talking to you. And that confirms
your original stereotype of, Oh,they are rude.
Look he’s not even talking to me right now. Okay.
So that whole process of a stereotype is delivered,
And then you fill in that stereotype
and eventually start to express those behaviors.
Another example is something called
And a stereotype threat refers
to a self-fulfilling fear
that one is at risk of confirming
So again, let’s break this down.
So you might have a stereotype.
And you as an individual are
aware of that stereotype.
And you’re now threaten by the idea of
actually allowing that stereotype to come true.
Let’s walk through an example.
Here’s looking a some really needs
experiments that looked at both gender and function.
And we took a co-word of young girl writing a math test.
And what they did was, they had two scenarios.
They could either say nothing.
And so they were not precondition. There was
no stereotype. And then there is the one delivered.
And the delivery was that women
tend to do poor in math than men.
And then they were administered
the test, the math test.
And there is two groups.
And on one group it was all female group.
There was no men around.
And so they did the test.
And then there was another group
within introduce man into the mixed.
So just being in the presence of a male,
it actually initiated that stereotype
and started to express their self.
The individual thought of it.
And they actually, when you compare
the results of the females
who are all female group versus a mixed group.
The women that were away from
the man actually did better
than the woman who are sitting
in approximately to men.
So just being around the guys impacted their performance.
And it cause a lower performance.
And so we call that phenomena a stereotype threat.