The last principle we'll
think about is justice.
So, here, we're thinking
about rules and rights.
So, are there particular rules society
has set up that you should follow?
Or are there, you know, fundamental
rights that people are owed
and we should fulfill make sure
they have those rights respected?
Philosophers over time have thought
about justice in a variety of ways.
The first idea is
So, what is each person according to their
due, what do they owe from society?
You could think about, you
know, the person most in need.
That's their due so they should get,
you know, whatever the resources.
Other people have said well,
you know, based on merit.
You know, so what if they
contributed to society.
That's how they should, you
know, get the resource.
The next type of justice is
called community justice.
So that is very much sort of
the contractual agreement.
So, when 2 people come together
and they're interacting,
what would be a fair way for them
to interact with each other?
That's commutative justice.
Most people are generally, you know,
thinking about retributive justice.
So, you know, that's the legal
system so when crimes are committed,
we have a system of justice to say that,
you know, the legal system should step in
and give retribution when there
have been wrongs created.
Generally in healthcare, we think about
justice in terms of distributive justice.
So, we have resources, you know all
the medical treatments we can offer.
You know, healthcare in general and how are we distributing
those across society both fairly and with equity.
Are there some segments of society that are
deprived of these resources which would be unjust?
Are others taking
advantage of them?
Again, that would be unjust if it's
to the disfavor of other groups.
And then lastly, especially in more recent
years, we have had appeals to social justice.
Our societal structures
set up fairly.
Are there historic underpinnings for why the
rules that have been set up in the system
may be unfair to certain groups
and certain populations?
That's social justice.