Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13) (Nursing)

by Prof. Lawes

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    00:01 Let's look at the pneumococcal vaccine.

    00:03 Now pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by a streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.

    00:09 There are two types of vaccines that are available in the United States.

    00:13 Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.

    00:19 So what's the difference between a conjugate vaccine and a polysaccharide vaccine? Yeah.

    00:25 I thought you'd never ask.

    00:26 Let me explain.

    00:28 A conjugate vaccine, it is a type of vaccine that joins a protein to a part of the bacteria.

    00:35 Okay, so conjugate, or thinking about, bringing things together, a protein and a part of the bacteria.

    00:42 The goal, is to improve the protection that the vaccine provides.

    00:46 Now a polysaccharide vaccine.

    00:49 It's a little bit different.

    00:50 It's a type of vaccine that is made to look like the surface of certain bacteria in order to help the body build protection against the germ.

    00:58 So think of it as kind of an imposter.

    01:00 If you have a conjugate vaccine, I have a protein and an actual part of the bacteria that have been joined together.

    01:08 If I have a polysaccharide vaccine.

    01:11 It's kind of an imposter.

    01:12 It's made to look like the surface of certain bacteria and that's how we get the protection against that germ.

    01:19 Now let's look at pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

    01:23 Well, now we know that this means we've contained a protein and a piece of the bacteria.

    01:28 Doctors also usually give this vaccine to children at 2, 4, 6, 12 and 15 months old.

    01:36 Okay so you've got 2, 4, 6, 12 and 15 months old, if you're trying to keep those dates in mind.

    01:44 They're all a factor of two until we get to that last number of 15 months.

    01:50 Now in that first bullet point I've written an example of a schedule.

    01:54 This might be a way that it is administered to children, but always check the website for the latest recommendation.

    02:01 It's not unusual for them to change.

    02:03 So I've got an example of a schedule there but keep in mind, things are updated on a pretty regular basis.

    02:10 Now adults who need this vaccine their schedules much easier to remember.

    02:13 They usually only get a single dose.

    02:16 This vaccine will help protect against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria and these are the ones that most commonly cause serious infections in children and adults.

    02:28 It can also help prevent ear infections and pneumonia caused by those 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria.

    02:34 Possible side effects is always something and educated and informed patient needs to be aware of.

    02:41 Now they're fairly mild, but they can have some mild problems following a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

    02:47 So first we look at the reactions where the shot was given, might be a little red, little bit of swelling, and some slight pain or tenderness.

    02:56 If any of these becomes extreme you'd need to notify your Healthcare Provider.

    03:01 Next fever.

    03:02 Remember you're kicking in that immune system.

    03:05 So after a vaccine, it's not unusual for a patient to have a fever.

    03:09 Just really not feel like eating now for a baby, and even an adult they might be a little fussy or irritable after they've received this vaccination.

    03:19 Headache is another common one, chills, feeling tired.

    03:23 So after someone gets this pneumococcal vaccine, we've got problems right at the site just slight problem.

    03:30 The next six are kind of some vague symptoms but are common and expected after a vaccine.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13) (Nursing) by Prof. Lawes is from the course Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccination (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. A vaccine that joins a protein to bacteria to increase the immune response
    2. A vaccine that is made to look like the surface area of bacteria
    3. A vaccine that destroys the antigens of the bacteria
    4. A vaccine that replaces the existing antigen with a new one
    1. It protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria
    2. Redness and swelling can occur at the site of injection
    3. Children receive multiple doses of the pneumococcal vaccine
    4. Adults who need this vaccine receive two doses
    5. Fever after the pneumococcal vaccine is rare

    Author of lecture Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13) (Nursing)

     Prof. Lawes

    Prof. Lawes

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