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Pleural Thickening

by Jeremy Brown, PhD
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    00:00 major problem for the morbidity and mortality. So, the last subject is pleural thickening.

    00:04 Now this is what happens when you’ve had problems with the pleura and the main problems that cause pleural thickening long-term is previous pleural infection including tuberculosis and bacterial infections, previous blood in the pleural space such as a hemothorax after trauma. And what happens in these situations that the fluid that is present during the acute event resolves, but the pleura has been scarred by the process. Therefore, you're left with a range of thickening around the pleura, which makes the lung much less able to expand and causes restrictive defects in the lung function. So for example, this is the chest X-ray of a young man who presented with pneumonia and empyema. Infact its the X-ray of the first patient I showed was a pleural infection earlier. And you can see that although we treated the empyema with pleural drainage. He’s been left with a considerable amount of pleural thickening which is visible both on the side of the chest with that characteristic squared off shape of pleural thickening. And also, the back of the lung there seems doing as well which represents pleural thickening around the back of the lung.

    01:17 This doesn’t require treatment. It requires prevention by drainage in the first place, because once you’ve developed pleural thickening, the only treatment that can be used is surgery.

    01:27 And that is quite an invasive and difficult task to remove all these pleural thickening safely. The consequences of pleural thickening well, not much apart from the fact that the patient has lost their lung function. They have more restrictive lung function, and as a consequence, they’ll be able to do less exercise and they will prior to the problem that caused it in the first place. Right. Just a brief now, we discussed asbestos


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Pleural Thickening by Jeremy Brown, PhD is from the course Pleural Disease.


    Author of lecture Pleural Thickening

     Jeremy Brown, PhD

    Jeremy Brown, PhD


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