Parietal Lobe

by Craig Canby, PhD

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    00:00 Now that you have a better understanding of the frontal lobe, the various cortices within it, the various functions of those cortices and lesions, now let’s do the same with the parietal lobe. The parietal lobe has a primary somatosensory cortex that lies on the postcentral gyrus. That is shown right in through here in this darker blue area. So the central sulcus then separates the primary motor area in the precentral sulcus or gyrus from the primary somatosensory cortex on the postcentral gyrus. There is a little man or homunculus associated with it that looks very similar to the one on the precentral gyrus but for simplicity, that is not shown in the illustration. The primary somatosensory cortex is the cortical area that’s going to receive somatosensory input from the opposite side. So this sense is the left primary somatosensory cortex. The sensory input is coming from the right side of the body.

    01:19 A lesion here would result in contralateral anesthesia, so we would not be able to have a good sense of the senses coming from the right side if this is the left as it is. Another area or cortical area of the parietal lobe is the parietal association area that is shown in through here.

    01:45 This is involved functionally in stereognosis. It also helps us to maintain an awareness of our contralateral self and our surroundings. A lesion of this particular area can result in astereognosis. Also, it can cause us to neglect our contralateral self and our surroundings. This is another area that can result in apraxia. Wernicke's area is an important region of the parietal lobe. That is shown here in this area. This is important in the comprehension of language. So, it allows us to make sense of what we hear and what we read.

    02:43 A lesion will damage our ability or inhibit our ability to comprehend language. As a result, an individual will have what is termed receptive aphasia. Another term for this is fluent aphasia.

    03:01 So, they have the motor control but the words they use would be like a solid mix.

    03:07 They don’t make sense but the words themselves are produced perfectly.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Parietal Lobe by Craig Canby, PhD is from the course Cerebral Cortex.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Primary motor cortex
    2. Posterior parietal cortex
    3. Premotor cortex
    4. Supplementary motor cortex
    5. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
    1. Hemispatial neglect
    2. Disconnect syndrome
    3. Parinaud’s syndrome
    4. Hemiballismus
    1. Receptive aphasia
    2. Nonfluent aphasia
    3. Motor aphasia
    4. Expressive dysprosody
    5. Receptive dysprosody

    Author of lecture Parietal Lobe

     Craig Canby, PhD

    Craig Canby, PhD

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