Nuremberg Code

by Raywat Deonandan, PhD

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    00:01 So modern medical ethics, according to some people, begins around World War II during the war crimes trials in Nuremberg.

    00:09 Several points were brought up as results of those trials; we call these the Nuremberg code, 10 points in particular that were quite stressed. One was quite prominent however and that was, voluntary consent of a human subject is absolutely essential. You can't conduct medical research on a person without them allowing you to do so, that was the Nuremberg code's most important finding and recommendation. The problem with the Nuremberg code though is that it does not have the force of law, it's a guideline that countries are free to follow and recommended to follow. Also one interpretation is that the code argues that you can risk a subject's life so long as the investigator is also subjecting him or herself to the same risk. Then came the declaration of Geneva, this is also in the postwar period, so the World Medical Association redrafted the famous Hippocratic oath to be more relevant for a modern era, for modern ethics. And there are 11 tenets the declaration of Geneva, again the most important one is, "I will not use my medical knowledge to violate human rights and civil liberties, even if someone is threatening me."

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Nuremberg Code by Raywat Deonandan, PhD is from the course Research Ethics.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. The degree of risk should never be undertaken
    2. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential
    3. The experiment should be such as to yield fruitful results for the good of society, unprocurable by other methods or means of study, and not random and unnecessary in nature
    4. The experiment should be conducted to avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury
    5. The experiment should be so designed and based on the results of animal experimentation

    Author of lecture Nuremberg Code

     Raywat Deonandan, PhD

    Raywat Deonandan, PhD

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