Okay, so why don’t we take a look
at some of the theoretical approaches
to understanding in studying Sociology.
So, one clear way is to distinguish between
Macrosociology and Microsociology.
Macrosociology emphasizes the
analysis of social systems
and population on a large scale.
So we’re looking at,
we can focus on small groups
but then we’re looking at how that applies
to that broader larger social structure
Somethings big picture.
And we have Microsociology which concerns…
concerning the nature of everyday
human social interaction
and the agency on a small scale.
And we’re looking about
face to face interactions.
So focus more on individual interaction
and thinking within groups
as oppose to applying group thinking
into a larger broader bigger group.
So they’re couple other theories and models
that we’re going to walk through.
And we’re going to look at how
they differentiate and what it is
that they’re actually focusing
on in terms of Sociology.
So first is Functionalism.
And this falls as a type of macrosocial theory.
So core of the Functionalism Model,
we’re saying that states that societies
are complex systems of interrelated
and interdependent parts.
And that each part of society is
significantly influences the others.
So it’s interconnected.
Each part of society exists because
it has a specific function that perform
for society as a whole.
And there that societies follow
a state of equilibrium
and shifts are adjusted through adjustments.
So, we know that study in our society
is we have a different bodies
or we have this educational system,
we have the religious sector,
we have the commercial sector.
And so all of this play a specific role
yet they’re all related, right?
So businesses can impact religion
and religion can impact
vice versa can impact business, and
education can impact businesses and so on.
So they’re all interconnected.
And what it does is that it establishes
a certain equilibrium that that’s a
specific society has in that moment.
and if there's ever a change like there's turmoil
in the church or there's economic instability
that’s going to over time adjust itself
and go back to either a new state,
a new state of equilibrium or return back
to the previous level of equilibrium.
Conflict theory is a little bit different.
Conflict Theory states that
society is a competition for
and they’re competing for
a limited pool of resources.
And they do not lean on some
form of equilibriums.
So it’s not that they’re trying
to get to a certain state.
it’s that there's this constant struggle.
As a limited matter of resources
end this constant competition.
Individuals and groups requires scarce
resources to satisfy their own needs
and wants that’s creating endless conflicts.
Those with power have the ability
to control more of those resources
for examples, political, economic
and social resources.
So, that can make a lot of sense and always to.
And that they’re looking for
a whether it’s economic wealth.
if you’re looking for political power, if you’re
looking so access to social resources.
The individuals are a little bit
more affluent who have that
in terms of society on a ladder
or a little bit higher up.
They would have more of that.
And so there's a constant struggle and conflict
to trying get more of those resources.
Now, the major criticism with the Conflict Theory
includes the following three points.
First, focuses on conflict and not really
the stability that expresses the society.
So it’s not that things are perfect
but it’s not also a daily conflict.
In a lot of ways, we’ve embrace and we live within
the social constructs that are around us, right?
So we sort of understand
and we live in.
And now we’re miserable
in fighting every day.
It also ignores the non-forceful
ways agreements can be reach.
So there's other peaceful and sort of
academic ways to discuss and negotiating
and create ways to work within that society.
And it focuses on economic driver
as a main conflict within society.
So it’s not always about money.
There could be other things that people
within society are debating about
and trying to as understand
a little bit better.
And so this model focuses a little bit
more on the economic drivers.