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Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma – Types of Cancer (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes

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    00:01 Okay, leukemia was probably one of the knowns that you starred in the beginning.

    00:05 Most everyone has heard that term but you might not quite understand what it is.

    00:10 It's called leukemia because it begins in the blood-forming tissue of the patient's bone marrow.

    00:16 Okay, it doesn't solid tumors but it really wreaks havoc on your body You end up with large and really large numbers of abnormal white blood cells because leukemia cells and leukemia blast cells are what really messed up those white blood cells.

    00:33 they build up in the blood and the bone marrow.

    00:36 Okay, so I don't have tumors with leukemia but I end up with these large numbers of abnormal white cells, we call them leukemia cells and leukemic blast cells.

    00:47 that's what builds up in your bone and blood marrow (blood and bone marrow).

    00:50 So now you don't have enough normal cells so you end up with really poor oxygenation, and they're at a bleeding risk and they can't fight off infection.

    00:59 Look at the normal picture there, that's how things are supposed to be.

    01:02 Look at what it looks like for leukemia because these cells are building up in the bone marrow that's why you don't have the ability to have good oxygenation, you're an increased risk for bleeding and you can't fight off infection because it hits all of the blood cells.

    01:18 So a sign we'd look for is we'd look at your CBC, look at your white cell count, we will look at the different types of white cells.

    01:24 We'd know that things are not right but since it impacts the bone marrow, it hits all of those cells.

    01:32 Now lymphoma begins in the lymphocytes.

    01:34 Remember those are types of white blood cells, we're talking about the T cells or the B cells.

    01:39 So abnormal lymphocytes build up in the lymph nodes and the lymph vessels and organs.

    01:44 So there's two types: Hodgkin's lymphoma or non-Hodgkins lymphoma.

    01:50 So Hodgkin's lymphoma comes from Reed-Sternberg cells, they usually form from the B cells.

    01:55 Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are large group of cancers that start in the lymphocytes.

    02:00 They grow either quickly or slowly.

    02:03 I know that's a lot help but there's a big variance between different patients.

    02:07 These also form from B cells or T cells.

    02:10 So lymph cells, we're talking about lymphoma, remember that it comes from T cells or B cells - those lymphocytes.

    02:18 and have abnormal lymphocytes build up in the lymph nodes and the lymph vessels and organs.

    02:23 You have Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and trust me, you're really don't want either one.p Now let's look at multiple myelomas.

    02:35 This begins in the plasma cells.

    02:38 So myeloma cells, they are these abnormal plasma cells buildup in the bone marrow to form tumors throughout the body.

    02:46 This is very difficult for patients to deal with, it's extremely painful too.

    02:51 So it begins in the plasma cells, you end up with these myeloma cells.

    02:55 They're abnormal plasma cells that buildup in the bone marrow and this makes tumors all over the body.

    03:01 So it's also known as plasma cell myeloma and Kahler disease.

    03:06 So multiple myeloma starts in the plasma cells and it spreads its nastiness throughout the body.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma – Types of Cancer (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes is from the course Cancer – Med-Surg Nursing.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. It begins in the blood-forming tissue of the bone marrow.
    2. Many abnormal white blood cells build up in the bone marrow.
    3. Increased numbers of abnormal cells cause poor oxygenation.
    4. It begins in the lymphocytes (T cells and B cells).
    5. It builds up in the lymph nodes, lymph vessels, and organs.
    1. It starts in the plasma cells and builds up in the bone tissue to form tumors throughout the body.
    2. It is referred to as plasma cell myeloma, or Kahler disease.
    3. It originates from Reed-Sternberg cells.
    4. It builds up in the bone marrow.
    5. It causes poor oxygenation, bleeding risk, and the inability to fight infection.

    Author of lecture Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma – Types of Cancer (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes

    Rhonda Lawes


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