Introduction to Pediatric Respiratory Disorders (Nursing)

by Paula Ruedebusch

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    00:01 Here's an introduction to pediatric respiratory disorders.

    00:05 Why is this important? Well, respiratory disorders are the most common cause of hospitalizations in the pediatric population.

    00:12 The leading diagnoses for all hospitalizations in pediatric patients, excluding newborns, in the United States are pneumonia, asthma, and acute bronchitis.

    00:24 Here's an overview of the anatomy of the pediatric respiratory system.

    00:27 It all starts with the nasal cavity, plus the paranasal sinuses.

    00:31 And this is one way that air will enter your body.

    00:33 It'll go through your nostril.

    00:34 Another way is through the oral cavity or your mouth.

    00:37 Then it will go down to your pharynx, your larynx, which is your voice box, and down through the trachea, which is your windpipe.

    00:43 This will extend to the 2 main bronchus stems and go further down into the lungs.

    00:49 Nurses always need to remember that children are not just smaller versions of adults.

    00:53 The respiratory system is under neural and hormonal control.

    00:57 The pediatric respiratory system varies anatomically and physiologically from the adult respiratory system.

    01:04 The clinician needs to understand these differences in order to manage the pediatric respiratory system.

    01:10 So when a child is born, most of the anatomic structures of respiration are present, but they're immature and underdeveloped.

    01:17 When a child takes their first breath, this is when the structures begin to expand and mature.

    01:23 So newborns and then young children move along the continuum, and compensate only by increasing the respiratory rate because they don't have a large lung volume.

    01:32 The structures are also immature.

    01:34 You can see as children get older, they're able to further increase their lung volume to compensate for respiratory problems.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Introduction to Pediatric Respiratory Disorders (Nursing) by Paula Ruedebusch is from the course Respiratory Disorders – Pediatric Nursing.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. 0–6 years
    2. 0–2 months
    3. 0–2 years
    4. 0–12 years

    Author of lecture Introduction to Pediatric Respiratory Disorders (Nursing)

     Paula Ruedebusch

    Paula Ruedebusch

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