So by teasing those things out we're able to
then go on and shape your own personal identity
based on what we’re pulling on that reference group.
And this kindly goes back to my earlier example
of being around academics or being around athletics.
Those will help, the characteristics of
that group will help shape your identity.
Referred to this socialization with others.
Socialization is the process through which
individuals learn to be functional members of society.
As you socialize with those
around you in the adolescent age,
say you’re in high school or grade school.
You interact and socialize with others.
That’s when you understand and start
to realize your place and what you do.
At school, it could be like,
"Well, I socialize with my friends
but I also interact with my teachers,
I interact with my parents when I go home."
And so based on all socialization
and interaction that you have,
that helps you understands sort of
your identity forms your place.
Now, culture can also place huge role in how we form
our identity and it’s engage to its socialization.
A continuous sociological process where people
learn is can be culture specific.
What are we talking about right here?
We’re talking about attitudes, beliefs and values.
In this specific culture,
you have certain ways of interacting.
A specific culture, in terms of how socializes
is shaped on attitudes, beliefs, and values.
Where you fit in the mix is what
you pull out of those three variables.
What are the attitudes in my culture?
What are the beliefs of my culture?
What are the values of my culture?
And how am I using these to socialize
with those within my culture?
And how’s is that thing going to
go on and shape my identity?
Let’s take an example.
If in your culture, part of the attitudes
are it’s be extremely going and social
and a lot of hugging, kissing, the double
cheek kiss and the hugs and the talking.
It’s all about social interaction
within your family and friends.
Always getting in together. Always eating,
showing emotion and placing family,
and placing social interaction high on your value list.
Versus other cultures were, you don’t out
rarely show a lot of emotions.
Not a lot of hugging and kissing.
There’s a lot perhaps like a
little head nods, that’s the most for hello.
And you don’t really discuss your personal business
and you’re solid a lot of solidarity.
And you stick together but it’s a lot of
individualization that you stay kind of a party.
Everybody has their own personal space.
Too different cultures and the identity
that you will form
base on being either those culture
will be completely different.
So sometimes, somebody whose say like from
North America or other parts like Italy or something
and you go to a country where, say Japan or Asia
where there’s not a lot of hugging and kissing.
There’s a lot of space.
And there’s a lot of being subdued.
You go visit on one of these places and you’re going
to say hello to somebody like, “Hey, how are you?
You going to hug and kiss them. They will kind like,
"What are you doing? That is not appropriate."
And is that culture specific set of attitude,
beliefs and values that shapes your identity.
So you have now embrace those
cultural specific forms and shape your identity.
And you can see that displace when you
go someplace where it’s different
or does not a line with exactly the way you are.
For older adults, this process
involves teaching the younger children.
They are the teachers in this equation.
As youngsters, you might not get or how do you say
hello or how do you suppose to act.
And so those are older who teach them.
No when you see your grandpa,
you know you are going to give him a hug.
You going to say, "Hi nono" or "Hi grandpa."
And they teach them these things.
And so the culture and how to socialize
between that culture is passed on
and this is help shaping your identity.
For younger children, it involves incorporating
information from their cultural surroundings.
Now, you are not going to teach a new born
or a little baby these specific things
but instead them just soaking it up.
And being in that cultural surrounding
they learn how to act.
Certain cultures were, the baby tends to be
on their mother or a little bit more.
They are much more maternal.
And the father out say
hunting and gathering or working
or doing whatever.
The baby has a certain cultural contacts than that.
They understands, this how things are.
And I tend to be around women more.
Work quite busy and I stay put with
my mom versus other cultures were
maybe both parents are around a lot
or no parents around a lot.
And the child will actually absorb that
just by being a lot of environment
and that will shape their identity.
So let’s take a look at some research
and some experiments
that kind of highlight the impact of being
in a social environment and social contact
on how that can shape their identity.
So, some early experiments by Henry Harlow.
Take a look at some monkeys.
What we use to trying to illustrate was
that early social contact is really necessary
to help shape their identity.
And so there is what we call the Harlow’s monkey
is our extremely socially deprived from infancy.
They’re were really allowed
to really engage in social activity
and social behavior with other
animals or with their monkeys.
and they are kind a put away
and a lot of isolation.
And then overtime as they’re a little bit older,
they try to reintegrate them back
and they really couldn't because they were missing
a lot of social cues that they needed
to engage correctly and within
their own cultural community.
And you see this a lot of times with animals
that areborn in captivity.
And you try reintegrate them back into the wild.
And they have some issue.
Or those that are in the wild, don’t actually
accept them because of these differences.
Well, they don’t understand our cultures and traditions.
Now, we can escalate that into
what’s happening sort of in humans.
and what impact being on a society
actually have in terms of integration.
Now, here’s the example of something
it’s along the lines of the monkey.
They’re called Feral children, these are individuals
who are not raised with human contact or care.
Kind of sad situation that I don’t think
it happens extremely often
but there are cases that either extremely neglect
with the parents essentially completely out of equation
and they’ve abandoned their children.
Or there’s situation where these children
are not around almost anybody.
There’s the fictional character of Mowgli
from the Jungle Book.
I don’t know if you’ve seen that movie or read that book.
And the idea, the premise there is
this young child gets left in the jungle.
and that he is actually raised remember
this is fiction is raised by animals.
An so that small child Mowgli is
not around humans and doesn’t understand
that the human social interaction.
And instead starts to embrace and
connect more with the actual animals.
And then when, he’s trying to be reintroduced
into the human social cultural circle,
things don’t go so long.
The lack normal identity formation
and may displace their identity.
They become more in this
Mowgli example animal like.
And he felt more comfortable being like
an animal than being like a human
because this identity has been shifted from
being human to being something animal like.
Now, let’s take a look at,
in humans what impact culture can have
in terms of their behaviors and integration.
Culture can refer to how group of people live,
how their set of values and behaviors.
I only need to go on a deep discussion
where culture is only need we are all get it.
and we’ve been talking about quite a bit.
But you know, how do you eat?
How do you say hello to somebody?
How do you act in the presence of others
than the opposite gender?
Things like that. How do you dress, the garb,
the speak, the food. All of this shape are culture.
So we know that not all cultures
are the same obviously.
And we also know not all cultures are accepted
in certain regions or a countries.
And this can influence the formation of identity.
Let’s use the example of kind of what is
happening right now on our global environment.
We have a lot of shift happening.
Let’s take the Syrian refugee example,
it’s kind of relevant because
I’m from Canada and we’ve agreed it and welcomed
over 25,000 Syrian refugee into our country
in the last half of a year.
So that’s a huge movement of people with
a completely different culture.
And Canada is quite embracing in a lot of ways.
And they’ve allowed, they’ve greeted
and welcome these people into our country.
And they bring with them
their own set of culture and values.
And so sometimes in a certain situations
and even within a Canadian contact,
they’re definitely some people would say,
"Why are they coming? I don’t agree with them."
And a lot of generalizations happen.
And so I’m just picking this out in the air
Some don’t really quite understand
the Muslim faith, the Muslim culture.
And they associate that with maybe some of what
they see splash on the TV screens and movies.
And the generalizations and the stereotypes
of what a terrorist looks like.
And a terrorist is wearing something
on their head and has a beard
and is Muslim and he speaks Arabic.
And so therefore that’s a terrorist.
And you know that’s the culture.
And I don’t want that culture around me.
So that’s the combination of a couple of things
here like stereotypes and generalizations.
But the point I want to focus it on is that,
that’s the difference set of a culture and values.
That is coming in to your specific
stand box of culture and values.
And they don’t always mesh well.
And so what ends up happening is
those with different set of culture values
will actually either adjust and modified
their behavior or their identity.
Or if one is being formed
we make it this confusion.
So say for example, you’re a second generation
immigrant being born in the US or Canada,
and you’re now slightly conflicted because
you have your own immediate family culture.
But then your part of a broader Canadian culture.
And so that influence can happen,
where are you from? Where are you staying?
How did the two mixed in?
And was he the ultimate eventual
personal identity that you form.