Okay. Let’s talk about discrimination now.
This is a social construct that happens. Whether you
like it or not, you yourself might employ it.
It’s probably happen to you at some point.
And we’re going to look at it so start off by
looking at two different types of discrimination.
So the first one would be Individual Discrimination.
Now this is when an individual treats
another negatively in different from
the others with a that group.
It involves exclusion or restriction
of others from different opportunities.
It’s a fancy way of saying, you are solely
picking out an individual and discriminating them
or choosing certain qualities that
they might have against them.
And threating them restricting them
from certain opportunities.
Okay so, we will look at what are some
of those characteristics or factors
Which you can immediate this discrimination.
So some of them are fairly obvious. Things like
race, gender, culture, sexual orientation, age.
These are all things that you can sort of
pick out and say well based on that race,
I’m going to discriminate or exclude them
from what I’m doing over here.
So again, some are required obvious the color of your
skin, whether male or female, sexual orientation.
You know, I don’t like gays. And so, therefore,
I don’t want them and working in my place.
Or I don’t want to be around gay people or homosexuals
or I’m really not able to relate to adults.
I like strictly hanging out with teens,
or different cultures.
I don’t like Muslims or I don’t like Catholics.
And you can pick and choose always in different things.
So, and this is just a sampling of the
potential descrminers, which can be used.
So, there’s so many different characteristics
that you can pick and choose on.
And sometimes you can even have over layer
are combination of a couple of this.
So, this is sort of an example of where
you can use this discrimination
to explain altruistic behaviors, in terms of
how they can influence natural selection.
And that, you are going to try
and exclude certain individuals
in order to improve sort of
your chance for success.
And this a little bit in terms of the
definition of altruistic behaviors
and the traditional send of trying
to be selfless to help others.
This is trying to help the success of your
say culture or group versus an individual.
So you’re discriminating in order
to help your chances of success.
Now, let’s take a look at
So we just discuss individual. Institutional
looking at the descrimatory practices
employed by large organizations.
And these are practices that are imbedded in
the organizational culture and operating procedure.
What we’re saying here is large big bodies.
And then again, this is a stereotype.
It’s not at all large institutions
do this but some can employ written,
they usually have a written but
unwritten discriminatory rules.
So they’ll do things in order to
exclude certain groups.
They might do things like incent you
doing thing on a certain way.
Which ends up excluding others.
You know, they can have don’t ask,
don’t tell type of policies saying,
“Well, I’m just going to turn my head
if you do what you going to do.”
It could be, again, going back to the same
features that we’re look at the characteristics
saying things like,
“I’m interviewing for a new position.”
And you’re the manager, and you’re
going to interview to these people.
And you have 10 applicants. And they’re
two that are really well qualified.
and there are about equal but in the
resume or asking around references,
you establish that one of them
might be gay or lesbian.
And so based on that characteristic, you say,
you know what, I – around here we don’t need
a homosexual working with us.
So I’m going to now discriminate
and not hire that person.
And they’re not going to advertise,
saying, why didn’t I get the job?
Well, you didn’t get the job because
you’re gay. That really wouldn’t work out.
That would be all over the news
and rightfully so.
But if you have that sort of unwritten
and just say, “Well, no.”
we had another a more qualified candidate.”
That’s not necessarily the truth,
but that’s what they’re going with.
And so, that type of discrimination can shape
and shift the culture within that organization.
Who’s going to be hired? And they tend to then
kind of hire those that are light minded.
Alright, so if you keep those people out,
whether by its gender or race,
And you’ll say, we’re going to create and culture
that where everybody aligns in their thinking.
That would classify institutional discrimination.