High Risk Factors, Lifestyle Choice and Self-Care

by Jessica Spellman

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    I’m Jessica Spellman, and this is lifestyle choice, high-risk behavior, and self-care. The objectives of this course are for you to be able to identify lifestyle choices and high-risk behaviors that increase risk of developing disease or injury. To educate patients regarding importance of self-care in managing illness and injury. Lifestyle choices are behaviors, habits, and practices made by individuals. They are influenced by family, peers, friends, and personal beliefs. Examples of lifestyle choices include where you live, your occupation, religious preferences, drinking, smoking and diet, choices, physical activities, sports, use of drugs or alcohol, or wearing a seatbelt. Again, those are all examples. That’s not an all inclusive list. So, how does lifestyle affect your health? Lifestyle choices are one controllable means of preventing disease and injury, but very difficult to modify once bad habits develop. So lifestyle choices that increase the likelihood of disease are considered high-risk behaviors. High-risk behaviors include overweight, high-fat diet, being sedentary and smoking can increase the risk for hypertension and heart disease. Unprotected sex increases the risk for STDs, HIV, and AIDS, as well as unexpected pregnancy. Not wearing your seatbelt increases the risk of injury if you have a car accident. And smoking increases the risk of developing lung cancer. I think it’s important to note that not all diseases or injuries are preventable. Identifying and modifying high-risk behavior is one intervention that individuals can control that may lead to positive health outcomes and prevent illness or injury. So the roles of nurses are to assess patients for at-risk behavior, educate patients about consequences of their behavior, and discuss ways to modify their behavior. Be knowledgeable about effective teaching principles to maximize learning. Assess patients for the ability to apply teaching and implement self-care. And for patients that are unable to care...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture High Risk Factors, Lifestyle Choice and Self-Care by Jessica Spellman is from the course Health Promotion & Maintenance. It contains the following chapters:

    • Lifestyle Choice
    • Teaching strategies for nurses

    Quiz for lecture

    Test your knowledge with our quiz for lecture High Risk Factors, Lifestyle Choice and Self-Care.

    1. Whether their parents smoked
    2. Religious beliefs
    3. Willingness to exercise
    4. Food consumed
    1. Using chewing tobacco daily
    2. Being vegetarian
    3. Exercising 3-4 times a week
    4. Eating out twice a week
    1. Ensure the patient and family know that your opinion with their choices.
    2. Focus education on the concerns voiced by patients and/or families.
    3. Take into consideration the age and developmental stage of the patient.
    4. Use a variety of teaching methods.

    Author of lecture High Risk Factors, Lifestyle Choice and Self-Care

     Jessica Spellman

    Jessica Spellman

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