So, where does that leave organizations in the regulation of their members?
Well, the Canadian Military have come out with a couple of guidelines.
They said that there is absolutely no use of any cannabinoid products
whether ingested or smoked or whatever during a shift or when you are actively deployed out of country.
You cannot use the product eight hours prior to duty and if you're firing a weapon
or if you're using a loaded weapon or carrying a loaded weapon, 24 hours have to be free of usage.
Now, if you are a pilot or if you work on an aircrew, 28 days of non-usage
and the same applies to anybody who is joining a ship or submarine on deployment,
you have to be free of the cannabinoid for 28 days.
That seemed excessive to a lot of people who are proponents of cannabis
but I think, it was an entirely reasonable approach
because what they're essentially acknowledging is that these products once smoked or ingested
can remain in the system for up to 28 days and perhaps, even longer
and they came up with kind of a compromise that says,
"Okay, if you're doing something that's highly sensitive like operating an aircraft
or if you're a pilot where you need split-second decision making capabilities,
you should not have smoked cannabis or used cannabis in the 28 days prior."
What I found strange was they said you can't operate an airplane
but you can carry a loaded weapon which I'm not really sure what the rationale is behind that.
What about the Royal Canadian Mountain Police?
They also had concerns about cannabis use in their members
and essentially, they're saying that cannabis can intoxicate beyond the initial consumption
which is what I've just been saying.
There is no established safe limits or data on how it affects performance in patients
who are in high stress jobs like the RCMP.
So, forces, that's the mountain forces are being banned for use within 28 days of a shift, that's any work shift.
And there is a plan to ban all recreational cannabis use in a Royal Canadian Mountain Police Officers.
What about the United States?
The United States Military Uniform Code of Military Justice is very clear.
Anyone who wrongfully uses any controlled substance which includes marijuana
or any of its compounds, including products infused with THC,
will be punished in a court martial as it may direct.
So, essentially, they're saying no.