Glomerular Filtration Rate

by Thad Wilson, PhD

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    00:01 Glomerular filtration rate is the topic we’re going to go through next.

    00:05 Glomerular filtration rate is probably the best index to know how the kidneys are functioning.

    00:11 A low glomerular filtration rate means that the kidneys are in trouble and a high glomerular filtration rate is what we would expect because you need to filter the blood, which again is one of the primary functions of the kidney.

    00:25 How do you go about filtering? The first thing is you need some sort of barrier in between the blood and what is in the tubule lumen space.

    00:35 So this glomerular barrier allows this process to happen.

    00:39 Where is the glomerular barrier? It’s around the glomerular capillaries.

    00:45 So let’s orient ourselves a little bit to the blood flow again.

    00:48 You have the afferent arteriole, glomerular capillaries, efferent arteriole.

    00:54 So it’s the barrier around these capillaries that helps prevent some of the fluid leaving.

    01:02 Now, you want some fluid to go from the capillaries into the lumen space, or the glomerular space, but not all of it so you have a very specialized barrier.

    01:13 It has 3 primary layers – an epithelium, a basement membrane, and an endothelium.

    01:20 You can see some nice pictures of these both in cartoon and in a micrograph.

    01:26 So what makes up the glomerular barrier? Well, the glomerular barrier can be broken down into, again, three different layers – the endothelium, the basement layer, and then the epithelium.

    01:38 This filtration barrier is oftentimes denoted as [K sub f].

    01:44 In this process, we’re going to use our abbreviation in some of our equations in the next few slides.

    01:51 But how does this go through the process from the blood all the way into the tubule lumen space? We need to start with what’s lining the blood vessels.

    02:01 So this is coming from the blood through little podocytes, through small little filtration slits, through the basement membrane here, and then finally through the epithelium which has podocytes as these finger-like projections, as well as some structural proteins as well.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Glomerular Filtration Rate by Thad Wilson, PhD is from the course Urinary Tract Physiology.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Endothelial cells, basement membrane, podocytes
    2. Endothelial cells, podocytes, basement membrane
    3. Endothelial cells, basement membrane, Bowman’s space
    4. Endothelial cells, filtration slits, epithelium
    5. Endothelial cells, Bowman’s space, epithelium
    1. Epithelium
    2. Filtration Slits
    3. Bowman's Space
    4. Basement membrane
    5. Endothelium

    Author of lecture Glomerular Filtration Rate

     Thad Wilson, PhD

    Thad Wilson, PhD

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