Okay. How do we forget things?
We all forget lots, we’re very
forgetful, some more than others.
But here are sort of some stages
that we’re going to talk about.
So there’s attention and that
needs to go on to encoding.
So this is the phase where you’re
drawing attention to something,
the information is going
in, and you encode.
So the inability to complete these steps
means that it doesn’t actually enter memory,
so you’re going to forget.
Then we have, it gets encoded and it
gets retained and goes into memory,
and the stages that
we talked about.
Unable to do that, the
information is lost,
Then there’s retention, you
have it in your memory,
but the inability to actually
recall it is called forgetting.
So at the end of the day, the end result
is essentially the same, you forgot.
But, if I tell you something and you
weren’t paying attention and I say,
“I told you. Don’t
“Well, actually, I wasn’t paying attention,”
so we lump that in as “I forgot”
but it’s because you actually didn’t make
that stage from attention to encoding,
opposed to, “Hey, you saw five different
things. Why did you only remember one?”
“Well, the other four actually didn’t make
it into my memory and they were excluded,”
considering, say, the Broadbent
filter, they were filtered out.
Only one of those five things that
I saw,” say, the name of a book.
“Only one of them got stored and
that’s why I’m remembering that one.
But I forgot -- ‘I forgot’
-- the other four.”
You didn’t actually forget them.
They were decayed.
They weren’t actually acquired
and stayed in memory.
So my take home here is forgetting is
when you fail to recall information,
but there’s various ways in
which we, society wise, say --
say you forgot.