So the hip bone is actually tilted more forwards.
Now let’s move on to the femur, the femur
which is the thigh bone within the thigh.
We can see here we have an anterior right
femur, and we have a posterior right femur.
Here we have the anterior view of the right
femur. We’ve got the head of the femur here.
It’s large, it’s spherical, and articulates
with the acetabulum at the hip joint. It contains
a depression medially, which is the fovea
here, and this contains the attachment site
for the ligaments of the head of the femur.
The neck joins the head to the shaft. So here
we can see the neck of the femur, and it contains
two trochanters, a greater and a lesser trochanter.
And these are clearly seen on the posterior
view. Running between the two trochanters on these
anterior aspects, we have the intertrochanteric
line. And that’s running between the two
trochanters on this anterior aspect.
If we look at the shaft, then it’s relatively
dull. It’s smooth. It’s rounded on the
anterior surface. Posteriorly, there are some
features we’ll mention. Distally though
on this anterior surface, we can see some
femoral condyles. We can also see passing
towards these condyles, the medial and lateral
epicondyles. And these again give rise to
those condyles which articulate with the tibial
condyles and form the knee joint. We can also
see a smooth region here, and that is the
patellar surface. If we look at the posterior
view now of the femur, we can still see we’ve
got our head, we’ve got our neck, and we
can see we’ve got a greater trochanter now,
and clearly, a lesser trochanter. But here,
we can see we now have an intertrochanteric
crest. We don’t have that line.
Looking at the shaft, we can see running down from
these trochanters, we have the lateral and
the medial lip that forms the linea aspera.
Superiorly, the lateral lip blends with the
roughened gluteal trochanter, and the medial lip
runs to the lesser trochanter as the pectineal line.
And we’ll see some important muscles
attached here like pectineus.
Inferiorly, the lateral and the medial lips, they separate
to form the lateral and medial supracondylar
lines. So distally, we can now clearly see
a large femoral condyle. We can still make
out the lateral epicondyle, and the medial
epicondyle would be on this side. On the medial
epicondyle, we can see an adductor tubercle
which is an important attachment. But the
femoral condyles, medial and lateral, they’re
separated by this intercondylar fossa which
we’ll soon appreciate, contain some cruciate
ligaments and it articulates with the tibial
condyles to form the knee joint. On the medial
condyle, we can see we’ve got the adductor
tubercle here, and that’s located on the
superomedial medial aspect of that medial