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Encoding Information – Memory (PSY)

by Tarry Ahuja, MD
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    Okay. So let’s talk about encoding memories. Now, the process of encoding information is fairly complicated and we do it fairly automatically. Well, we’re going to walk through all the different steps that are involved with that. So encoding is a process of transferring sensory information into a construct and then storing that into our memory system. So we’re making this sound really complicated, but basically what we’re saying here is we get information from the environment around us, we turn that into a construct or some way to store that, and then we put it into our memory system. So think of it as a, you know, we all relate to computers these days. Everybody is on their computer, you’re on one right now, probably. And so when you have a file, that’s information that you’ve taken. And you’ve put it into a file and you have to save that file. So we’ll try and kind of relate back and forth to a computer very often because I think it makes sense for us to understand that way. Now, so we take that information, that sensory information, we form a construct, and then we store it in our memory. So that would be working memory. Now, working memory stores information for immediate use as part of a mental activity. So when we’re actually doing a task, we’re learning for the first time, or you’re trying to grasp something and I’m just teaching you right now as we speak. That’s going and it’s sitting in a place called working memory that allows us to do what we need to do. And then, it’s going to go -- it’s going to go somewhere else after that and depending where it goes depends on what we’re going to do with it. So...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Encoding Information – Memory (PSY) by Tarry Ahuja, MD is from the course Making Sense of the Environment.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Serial position effect
    2. Visuospatial effect
    3. Phonological loop
    4. Short term memory
    5. Episodic buffer
    1. Chunking
    2. Acronym
    3. Depth of processing
    4. Mnemonics
    5. Hierarchies
    1. Mnemonics
    2. Phonological loop
    3. Visuospatial skechpad
    4. Episodic buffer
    5. Central executive
    1. Cognitive bias
    2. Statistical bias
    3. Placement bias
    4. Inherent bias
    5. Academic bias
    1. Visuospatial loop
    2. Chunking
    3. Phonological loop
    4. Mnemonic
    5. Hierarchy effect
    1. It is based on dual coding hypothesis.
    2. It uses physical locations or loci.
    3. It is also called the "Journey method."
    4. It has deeper representation.
    5. It involves visualization.

    Author of lecture Encoding Information – Memory (PSY)

     Tarry Ahuja, MD

    Tarry Ahuja, MD


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