Emphysema: Treatment (Nursing)

by Prof. Lawes

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    00:00 Now we know we have a patient with emphysema, what are the things we can do to help treat them? Well they might need to be on oxygen. Depending on what their oxygen saturation is you will collaborate with the healthcare provider and they'll set a level that they want to maintain a pulse ox. We might consider bronchodilators for this patient. Try to open up the airways that they do have. If the patient is having inflammatory response, we give corticosteroids for lots of things and it may also help in emphysema. We want these patients to stay well hydrated and to get good nutrition. We also will work with energy conservation.

    00:38 Now this doesn't mean turn the lights off when you're done in the bathroom. Energy conservation means patients with COPD and emphysema have limited amounts of energy available. Right? So they don't have the stamina to run around like you do. So we help them determine what they think is most important, what activities are most important for them and we help them make out a plan so they can do the most important things with rest periods in between. So if the family is going on an outing, we want to know how far are these patients going to have to walk? Are they going to climb stairs? So we want to be very thoughtful and mindful about the type of energy they'll take for the patient to participate in that activity and help them plan rest periods all along. Now that applies when the patient goes home. But even in the hospital, energy conservation is vitally important. You don't want to make the patient do multiple activities right in a row. You want to cluster things, but still leave plenty of rest periods for nursing care. Now in rare cases, you can look at lung volume reduction surgery.

    01:43 Okay, that's super intense but remember why they're barrel-chested, remember that tissue gets big and they could end up as wide as they are deep. Well, lung volume reduction surgery is only used and they could take up pretty significant portions where the lung tissue is just completely wasted. So that's when they would use that. That's not the typical treatment but it is beneficial for some patients.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Emphysema: Treatment (Nursing) by Prof. Lawes is from the course Obstructive Respiratory Disorders (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Lowest effective rate of oxygen to maintain adequate oxygen saturation
    2. Administration of bronchodilators
    3. Administration of corticosteroids
    4. Assistance for the client to conserve energy
    5. High flow nasal cannula at 100%

    Author of lecture Emphysema: Treatment (Nursing)

     Prof. Lawes

    Prof. Lawes

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