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Electrolyte Balance (Nursing)

by Jasmine Clark

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      Slides Nursing Physiology Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Balance.pdf
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    00:01 So now let's look at what happens when our electrolytes are imbalance.

    00:06 First, electrolyte balance usually refers only to our salt balance even though we actually have other electrolytes in the bodies like acids and bases, and even some of our proteins.

    00:18 Salts are going to control our fluid movements.

    00:22 And they're going to provide minerals for excitability and our excitable cells like our neural cells and our muscle cells.

    00:29 They also provide secretory activity and also contribute to membrane permeability.

    00:36 Salt enter our body by ingestion, and are also produced by metabolism.

    00:42 And they are lost by way of perspiration, feces, urine, or vomit.

    00:50 Causes of electrolyte imbalance can include: Hypernatremia, which is going to be an excess amount of sodium in our extracellular fluid.

    01:01 Hyponatremia, which is a sodium deficit.

    01:06 Hyperkalemia, which is too much potassium in our extracellular fluid and hypokalemia, which is a potassium deficit.

    01:16 We also have hypercholeremia, which is going to be an excessive amount of chloride ion found in our extracellular fluid, or hypocholeremia, which is going to be a deficit of the chloride ion in our extracellular fluids.

    01:33 Lastly, when we have an imbalance of our calcium, if there's too much, it is referred to as hypercalcemia.

    01:40 And if there's too little, it is referred to as hypocalcemia.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Electrolyte Balance (Nursing) by Jasmine Clark is from the course Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-base Balance – Physiology (Nursing).


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Hyperchloremia
    2. Hypercalcemia
    3. Hypophosphatemia
    4. Hyponatremia
    1. Hypokalemia
    2. Hypocalcemia
    3. Hypercalcemia
    4. Hyperkalemia

    Author of lecture Electrolyte Balance (Nursing)

     Jasmine Clark

    Jasmine Clark


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