Welcome to the IMG lecture,
today we're gonna discuss the requirements for IMGs
to be able to sit for USMLE exams.
We'll also discuss requirements for ECFMG certification
and we'll talk about citizenship and visa requirements for IMGs
who wished to complete a US Residency program.
Let's start off with eligibility to take the USMLE.
If you're an IMG and you wish to take USMLE exams
you have to meet these requirements.
First, you need to be a current medical student
who wishes to take STEP 1, STEP 2 CK or STEP 2 CS
and you need to meet these requirements.
The student, that's you, need to be officially enrolled in a medical school
located outside of the United States or Canada
but that medical school needs to be listed
in what's known as the World Directory of Medical Schools,
also shortly called World Directory.
What you need to have is an authorized official from your school
that actually certified your enrollment status as have being in that school.
You must have completed at least 2 years of Medical School
to be able to take these exams.
But if there are IMGs who’ve actually graduated,
who wished to take USMLE STEP 1, STEP 2 CK or STEP 2 CS,
you can still take them but your requirements are a little different.
What you have to do is have graduated from a Medical school
located outside The United States or Canada,
that's listed on the World Directory of Medical Schools, also called World Directory
and that's the thing, you have to be a graduate
or currently enrolled in a school on the World Directory
to be able to sit for the USMLE exam.
And the case here, we're discussing the people who's graduated,
you must have a diploma from your medical school
and an authorized individual from your school
must be able to certified that you have graduated from your school.
Now, if you meet these requirements, then you can apply though the ECFMG
to obtain a USMLE ID or identification to be able to be sign up for the USMLE exams.
Now, you can take USMLE STEP 1 and STEP 2 CK almost anywhere in the world,
from the United States to Europe to Asia to Africa.
All you have to do is find the nearest country to take the USMLE exam.
Unfortunately, there is an extra fee, always a thing,
to take these USMLE exams outside of The United States
and if you watched our previous lecture on how to study for the USMLE exams,
you'll know USMLE's exams, STEP 1 and STEP 2 CK
are performed at Prometric Testing Centers and these are global now.
If you wished and you should, take USMLE STEP 2 CS,
you unfortunately have to do those in the United States and you'll have to fly in.
Now, let's discuss ECFMG certification.
IMGs who wished to apply the US residency programs
must obtain what's known as ECFMG certification.
ECFMG stands for Education Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates.
Now, you must obtain the certification prior to entering and starting a US residency program,
you must pass STEP 1, USMLE STEP 2 CS and CK
as a pre-requisite to be granted ECFMG certification.
You must register with the ECFMG in order to be able to sign up and take the USMLE exams.
Now, ECFMG registration is your first step in obtaining ECFMG certification.
So first you register so in the end you can be certified
and hopefully start a residency program but in order to register for the ECFMG,
you gotta do the following:
you gotta create an ECFMG online services account,
it's just like making a basic account, nothing fancy there.
Then you need to obtain a USMLE/ECFMG identification number
and you do this through this thing they have called the interactive web application,
again just an online application, nothing fancy.
After you do that, the ECFMG will send you an email with your USMLE ID
and also your ECFMG ID and they'll also give you a password,
this takes about like up to 10 days to get so don't be in too much of a rush.
Keep these IDs safe, you will need them,
what you will need to do then is obtain a scheduling permit for each USMLE exam you wish to take.
So if you wanna take USMLE STEP 1,
you gotta get a scheduling permit just for that exam.
STEP 2 CK, STEP 2 CS,
they all have their own individual scheduling permits that you need to obtain.
Also on exam day,
I'll just throw it in here so you don't forget,
you need to bring that scheduling permit with you to be able to sit for the exam.
So the scheduling permit and an ID is required
to be able to take any USMLE exam and the ECFMG will issue your scheduling permit via email,
just comes right through them.
So if you apply to more than one USMLE exam at the same time,
they'll actually give you separate scheduling permits for each individual exam.
Once again emphasizing, each scheduling permit is for each separate exam
and once you have the permit,
you can go on to the website and schedule the day in which you want to take it.
After you complete and receive your scores
for USMLE STEP 1, STEP 2 and STEP 2 CS and CK and you have a Medical School Diploma,
you will then receive what's called a ECFMG certificate in roughly a month.
So, if you were a graduate of a school for a Medical School and you have already graduated,
your certificate is only waiting on your scores but that's the key,
you have to actually finish those three exams before you get certification.
Note, you cannot get obtain an ECFMG certificate
until you have graduated from your International Medical School.
So if you’re obtaining your actual application certification while actually as a student,
until the day you graduate, your certificate won't come through but don't worry,
this is not gonna hold you up at all,
you can apply to the match, the residency match without an ECFMG certificate,
it's design to make it just as fair for everyone
but your residency program will need your certificate
and for you to receive your final acceptance and actually start your US residency program, alright?
You should preferably complete all of your step exams in August
prior to the year you wanna start residency
then you will hopefully have your ECFMG certificate in September
and then when you apply to the match in September, you will be fully prepared for your acceptance.
As a special side note,
for students who will be trying to match into residency programs within the state of California,
you have to obtain something called a PTAL or California letter,
the PTAL is the Postgraduate Training Authorization Letter.
This PTAL is just for California and it's the same information as ECFMG,
it's just another application they make you to fill out.
If you think, you’re going to be matching into a California residency
make sure you submit for the PTAL as soon as you can cause it takes up to 6 months to receive it.
You can apply for the PTAL at the same time as you apply for ECFMG.
If you think you're gonna be going into a California Residency.
Do note, ECFMG certifications requires to start residency programs
and in California you need both the ECFMG certification and the PTAL
to start so if you’re going for California or shooting for one of those residency programs,
apply to ECFMG and PTAL simultaneously.
Now, let's discuss citizenship and visa requirements to do a US residency.
Now, if you're not a US citizen or a permanent resident,
you must obtain a visa in order to participate in a United States residency program.
The 2 most common visas are the H1-B called the Temporary Worker or The J-1 visa,
called the exchange visitor.
Now, some US residency program,
once you sponsor a visa for residence in the residency program
and some programs just don't.
You do need to look and inquire for each individual residency program
that you're applying to if getting a visa applicable to you
and see if this sponsor visa or not.
Now, let's summarize what talked about, in order for IMGs to take the USMLE exams
they must at least have completed the first 2 years of medical school
in an International Medical School outside of the United States and Canada
that's recognized by the World Directory of Medical Schools.
In order to join a US Residency program, students must obtain an ECFMG certificate,
you will start this process early in order to obtain your USMLE ID
so you can actually take the USMLE exams
and you will have to be a graduate from your medical school
to have the certification of ECFMG granted to you
and then you can start your residency program.
Students must be US citizen or permanent residence to participate in the US residency program
or if you're not one of those,
you can obtain an H1-B or a J-1 visa to participate in a residency program.
Check very carefully when applying the residency programs
if they hosts these visas or not. Best of luck in the application. Thank you.