Health Promotion/Screening and Disease Prevention

by Jessica Spellman

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    I’m Jessica Spellman, and this is health promotion, disease prevention, and health screening. After taking this course, you will be able to differentiate between health promotion and disease prevention. Recognize the nursing role in health promotion and disease prevention. Identify health screening priorities across the lifespan. The old definition of health was the absence of disease. The more modern definition of health focuses on a state of physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease. Wellness is a proactive and holistic approach to health. It extends to emotional, social, spiritual health, not just physical health. Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health. Focuses on bringing the concept of wellness to communities and encouraging individual behavior that maximizes health, not just prevent illness. Again, it focuses on emotional wellness, physical wellness, social wellness, and spiritual wellness. It includes efforts not only to prevent disease but to minimize its effects after diagnosis. Primary disease prevention prevents ailments or disease. Example is vaccinations and wellness behaviors. Secondary disease prevention focuses on identifying risk factors before disease is diagnosed. An example is health screenings. Tertiary disease prevention focuses on treating a medical condition in order to prevent disease progression. An example is taking medication to treat hypertension to prevent complications. Medical models have focused more on the tertiary care of disease than on primary prevention. The nurses’ role in health promotion and disease prevention is to assess patient’s perception of health and willingness to learn, perform appropriate health screenings, educate patients at all levels of health promotion and disease prevention, mentor patients efforts to improve their health, and evaluate patient’s understanding of education and provide feedback. So it is important for nurses to understand the leading cause of death throughout...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Health Promotion/Screening and Disease Prevention by Jessica Spellman is from the course Health Promotion & Maintenance. It contains the following chapters:

    • Health Promotion
    • Top Ten causes of Death in the US
    • Accidents
    • Wellness
    • Disease Management

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Promoting physical, mental, social, and spiritual health.
    2. Preventing complications of chronic disease.
    3. Identifying high risk individuals at health screenings.
    4. Preventing illness.
    1. Alcohol awareness.
    2. Injury prevention.
    3. Chronic disease education.
    4. Fall prevention.
    1. Educate about wellness activities to prevent disease.
    2. Discuss treatment options for disease.
    3. Identify opportunities for health screenings.
    4. Refer patient to specialists.
    1. Secondary
    2. Primary
    3. Tertiary
    4. Wellness
    1. Reduction of complications of chronic disease.
    2. Decreased risk of disease developing.
    3. Preventing disease by performing health sceenings.
    4. Decreased involvement of patient in their own care.
    1. Identify areas to educate patient and their family.
    2. Performing health screenings.
    3. Encouraging wellness activities.
    4. Referring patient to specialists.

    Author of lecture Health Promotion/Screening and Disease Prevention

     Jessica Spellman

    Jessica Spellman

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