Next is our vestibulocochlear nerve, cranial nerve number VIII. It only has one functional component
and that is special afferent.
The cranial nerve is transmitted through the internal acoustic meatus.
The functions conveyed through the special afferent nerve fibers
are going to convey hearing as well as balance. Clinical considerations that relate to the vestibulocochlear
nerve would be tinnitus or ringing of the ears. A lesion of the nerve could result in hearing loss.
If the apparatus responsible for equilibrium is damaged, individuals may have an impairment of their
ability to maintain their equilibrium. Causes of lesions of the vestibulocochlear nerve would include
a tumor, neoplasm. An infarction of the vestibular apparatus, vestibular nuclei for example, could cause
disruption of this particular pathway. Drugs may also cause some of the symptoms associated with this
nerve. Infections may also cause some of the clinical symptoms that we saw in the previous slide.