The abducent nerve, cranial nerve number VI is our last cranial nerve to take a look at. It has just one
functional component and that is general somatic efferent.
The cranial nerve is transmitted through superior orbital fissure.
This functional component has one muscle to innervate and that is the lateral rectus muscle,
another muscle that moves the eyeball. Here’s the eyeball here.
Here is the distal attachment of the lateral rectus. Then back here, you can see the proximal or source of
origin of the muscle. Then with it being reflected, you can see the abducent nerve innervating the lateral
rectus muscle. Clinical consideration here, if there’s a lesion of this nerve or a palsy, the individual
affected is unable to abduct their eye, move it out or laterally. Some causes of injury to the abducent
nerve would include tumor, an infarction, and then an aneurysm of a neighboring artery putting pressure
on the nerve could also cause a lesion of the abducent nerve.