Once we have our chromosomes packed,
we can actually move into mitosis.
How would it be if we just had our spaghetti of strings
all together and try to separate them out?
Not very effective. So it's critical that chromosomes
packed well before mitosis begins.
Mitosis is cellular division and it's used
for both growth and repair in eukaryotic organisms.
Prokaryotic organisms divide by binary fission.
It's very simple process
The circular DNA will replicate itself,
it gets put in individual cells and then the job is done.
Mitosis is a little bit more complicated because
we have to orchestrate the movement of these chromosomes.
So mitosis, just for repair and growth in eukaryotic organisms.
We have a whole another process, meiosis,
for reproductive purposes.
So mitosis begins with prophase. Recall interphase
is the whole phase that includes G1, S and G2.
So we'll begin in the second figure here with prophase and then
we'll explore prometaphase, metaphase. Meta means "beyond" or "after”.
Pro means early. And then anaphase and telophase.
And finally, after we're done with the nuclear division,
we'll look briefly at cytokinesis or full cellular division.