And so we arrive at the treatment of ideas.
Note the difference that the official content guide uses in this language.
They don't state the presentation of ideas but the treatment of ideas
for this specific subset of questions within reasoning within the text questions.
To evaluate these, we might think that the skills
we've been discussing can be long and daunting.
But truthfully, evaluating a CARS passage is in many ways
similar to evaluating spoken arguments, something we do almost every day.
Consider the following three cases
where you might need to evaluate a verbal claim.
Firstly, someone tries to sell you a pencil by telling you
that this the best pencil you could possibly purchase.
How about someone tries to persuade you that chlorine
in the water supply is damaging to your gut bacteria.
Lastly, something we're all familiar with,
someone tries to convince you to vote for a political candidate.
In each of these situations, you would want to ask yourself
what the intentions were of the speaker trying to convince you.
Having evaluated that the speaker had good intentions,
you would want to further evaluate
if they were reliable in other aspects of their background.
You would want to see if the speaker
was evading addressing a particular counterargument
over stating their authority on a particular issue
or if they were making claims without adequate evidence.
These same tools will help you to see in a CARS passage
if an author has written in an authoritative and objective fashion.
CARS authors are particularly talented
when it comes to couching subjective ideas as objective facts.
It's okay for an author to hold an opinion
but if you skim a text superficially,
you might fall into the trap of believing
that opinions in a CARS passage do not exist.
You also don't want to evaluate the treatment
of every single idea if a question doesn't ask you to do so.
That's why our CARS passage strategy will include reevaluation
of passage arguments after you've read a passage.
Thus, you need to look beyond which ideas
are presented into how those ideas are treated.
Since an author has let an idea into their CARS passage,
that idea is assumed to be important and relevant.
But think of ideas as people.
Just because you let a person, idea into your house, CARS passage,
doesn't mean that you treat all people, ideas, in the same way.
Subtle and at times, unintentional attitudes that an author presents
towards different ideas can clue you into the biases of the author.