White Blood Cell Count: In a Nutshell (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes

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    00:01 Let's wrap this up. Remember, there are 5 types of white blood cells: neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.

    00:12 Remember, the normal range for a total white blood cell count changes over the lifespan and in pregnancy, particularly, that 3rd trimester.

    00:22 White blood cells are critical responders when the body is under attack.

    00:27 So leukopenia, low white cells, puts the patient at risk for not being able to fight off infections.

    00:33 So be very careful with these patients. Protect them from the normal infections or from visitors that might be infected.

    00:40 Now, leukocytosis is an increase in white blood cells above 10,000.

    00:45 Remember, that's the top limit for adults.

    00:48 And not all 5 types of white blood cells will be elevated at the same time.

    00:53 If they are, think about whether your patient is dehydrated or hemoconcentrated.

    00:58 Now the cell type that is increased names the condition.

    01:01 Remember, neutrophilic leukocytosis equals neutrophilia.

    01:06 So neutrophilic leukocytosis tells me that it's elevated.

    01:10 But remember, -philia, that suffix, means extra or love from the Greek word.

    01:16 So, neutrophilic leukocytosis is neutrophilia.

    01:21 Now there's different possible clinical causes for the elevation or decrease in each of the 5 different white blood cells.

    01:28 Remember, the lab results are only as valuable as the healthcare team members who look at the results and compare them to the patient's history; their medications, their symptoms, and your own hands-on physical assessment.

    01:42 Thank you for watching our video today.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture White Blood Cell Count: In a Nutshell (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes is from the course Complete Blood Count (CBC) (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. By the WBC type that is elevated
    2. By the WBC type that is decreased
    3. By the genetic mutation causing the leukocytosis
    4. By the degree of anemia

    Author of lecture White Blood Cell Count: In a Nutshell (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes

    Rhonda Lawes

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