Hello. I'm Professor Rhonda Lawes and I am actually really excited to tell you about the
NCLEX-PN examination. Now you might think I'm a little off that I'm excited about this exam,
but the reason I want to tell you about it is because you don't have to fear this exam.
I want you to understand who makes it, how it's put together, and what types of
questions are that you're going to come up against because I know after my 18 years
experience of teaching people NCLEX exam reviews, you can do this. So, let me walk you
through it. Now first of all, it might be a little confusing. In your state, you might be
in an LPN program or you might be in an LVN program. It's the same exam. So if you hear
me say LPN or PN, that also includes our LVN students. Right? It's the same license.
So you're ready, let's get started. Now first of all, what I want you to kind of get
accustomed to or introduce you to is the NCSBN. Now that stands for the National Council
of the State Boards of Nursing. Okay, that's a name you want to write down. And you
can see why we use NCSBN instead of writing all of that out. But this is the number 1
reason that your licensure exam is going to be very different than your school exams,
the ones you've taken in your LPN or LVN program. This test is very different. Now here's
why. When you're in your LPN program, your faculty have a lot of different responsibilities.
They put your test together but they also teach your classes, they take you to clinicals,
they look at your plans, they have a lot of different responsibilities. Not so with the NCSBN.
This is their entire focus. It provides a consistent test that evaluates each student for
minimum competency and safety. So in order to enter into the practice, your professional
practice as an LPN, you're going to have to pass this exam. So, each of your areas
whether it's a state, a commonwealth, a territorial board of nursing, they all monitor
the licenses of nurses that practice in their area of responsibility. So before I can be a
nurse, before I can practice as an LPN or an LVN, I have to become licensed. Now, the rule
of these legal bodies, these licensing authorities, again, whether it's in your state, your
commonwealth, your territorial board of nursing is to ensure public protection. Okay,
so that's the bottom line. Well, they do care about nurses and they invest in nurses.
Their number 1 role here, State Board of Nursing, is to ensure the public protection
from nurses. So, each of the jurisdiction areas whether, again, state, commonwealth,
or territorial board of nursing they have a certain requirement for you to become a
nurse in their state. Now in the United States, several states have become compact
state so you'll need to contact directly the regulatory body that you'll be applying to
to see what all the requirements are. The thing that's the same is that everyone will
take the same NCLEX. The purpose of this NCLEX exam is to measure your competency
that you need to be safe to practice as a licensed practical or vocational nurse. Okay,
so let me back up a little bit. The reason this matters that you understand the difference
in this exam is because you're going to need to prepare differently for this exam than
some of the strategies you used in your nursing program. So, NCSBN or the National
Council of State Boards of Nursing, they are the overseers of the NCLEX exam. Each one
of us, myself included, applied to a State Board of Nursing or a Commonwealth Board of
Nursing or Territorial Board of Nursing to get our license. Now the first time I applied
I had to take the NCLEX, pass the exam, and then I earned my nursing license. For you,
it's the same thing. We all have to graduate from an accredited program, one that's
recognized by our Board of Nursing, go through the application process, there's always a
background check, you pay a fair amount of money to take the test then you take the
test and when you pass it you become licensed. So the overseers of the test are the
National Council of the State Board of Nursing. Their role, that's to keep the public safe
and provide a minimum standard of yours and mine safety and competency as a
professional nurse. So, know that all that says is that we have passed the minimum
standards of practice. There is still so much to learn everyday in nursing. So the NCBSN
is the one who makes that licensure exam. Now there's a lot of steps to get to that your
school will help you and assist you to that application process, but there are several
things you're going to have to do before you're ready to actually sit for the exam.
So, what is this NCLEX-PN? Well, you see there are 2 different types of NCLEX exams,
one is for registered nurses which is considered NCLEX-RN, but what we're going to talk
about today is the NCLEX-PN. That's for licensed practical nurses or licensed vocational
nurses, and let me tell you we need you in healthcare so please hang in there, I know
that you can do this. So, these are the people, NCSBN, that oversee your licensure
exam or your NCLEX-PN that makes the decision, your final stopover to becoming a
licensed practical nurse. Now, when we talk about entry level practice analysis, you
might hear some of these words turn around and wonder like "What does that mean?"
Well, think if you're going to have to create an exam that measured minimum
competency or safety. This is something really cool that they do. The very first step
that the NCSBN does is they do what they call a practical analysis. So, what they do
is they actually talk to newly licensed practical or vocational nurses and ask them
"Hey, what's in your practice? How often do you do these things? What's the priority of
learning?" when you're performing nursing care activities. So to me, I think that's pretty
cool. The first place they start is they make sure they talk to newly licensed LPNs or LVNs
to find out what their practice is actually like. See the goal of the NCSBN is to make
sure that the test reflects what you're going to actually do in practice. Now, for the
test that is viable until 2023, they talk to 12,000 newly licensed practical nurses.
I think that's pretty incredible. So the report of findings from the 2018 practice analysis
are what you're seeing on the 2019 test plan and that is good through 2023, the
beginning of 2023. So they start with the practice analysis by talking to newly licensed
practical and vocational nurses and they take a look at the nursing care activities,
they take a look at how often these activities are performed, what their impact is on
client's safety and the client's settings and where they do these types of activities.
So, that's the first step for NCBSN as I talk to real nurses who are in practice everyday
but are newly licensed. So they take this analysis and this is what guides them. They use
it as a framework for thinking about what are the most important things for them to use
on the NCLEX exam for entry level nursing practice. They want to make sure that what
they're testing you on incorporates the specific client needs and what are appropriate
for entry level nursing practice. So they also have the nursing processes that are
fundamental to the practice of nursing. So you got the entry level practice analysis.
The next step is they develop the NCLEX-PN test plan. Okay, are you still with me?
I know, that's a lot of words but I promise you it's really important to your success
that you understand how this test is put together, who puts it together so that you
can understand clearly what the guidelines are to be successful. So you do the entry
level practice analysis. The next step is they create a test plan. Now, everyone who
takes the NCLEX, their test follows the same test plan as everyone elses. That means
the same percentages of content are broken down for each candidate who takes that.
So, I'll talk to you about the specific breakdowns in just a minute but I want you to
know that the test plan is the guide and the framework. Now they think about all
different kinds of variables when they put this together but that's what the test plan is.
It's a plan that they work from to create the test. Now I want to stress again what
we're going over in this video series is the 2020 NCLEX-PN test plan from the National
Council of State Boards of Nursing. That means that is our source document for this
video series. Everything we're sharing with you is straight from the test plan from
the people who are writing your test. Now, this document, this test plan became effective
from April 1, 2020 and it will still be effective through March 31, 2023. Now, there are big
changes coming in 2023, but we'll talk about that in another video. For now, if you are
going to take your NCLEX-PN by or before March 31, 2023, this video is for you.