Lectures

Physiology Question Set 2

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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Physiology Question Set 2 by Lecturio USMLE is from the course Physiology – Board-Style Questions.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Collecting Duct
    2. Glomerulus
    3. Proximal convoluted tubule
    4. Descending limb of loop of Henle
    5. Ascending limb of loop of Henle
    1. Afferent arteriole
    2. Aldosterone
    3. Efferent arteriole
    4. Glomerular filtration
    5. Sympathetic nervous system
    1. Efferent arteriole constriction
    2. Renal artery constriction
    3. Afferent arteriole constriction
    4. Efferent arteriole dilation
    5. Increased peritubular capillary permeability
    1. Decreased glomerular oncotic pressure
    2. Decreased hydrostatic pressure in Bowman’s capsule
    3. Decreased oncotic pressure in Bowman's capsule
    4. Increased hydrostatic pressure in Bowman's capsule
    5. Increased glomerular hydrostatic pressure
    1. Albumin
    2. Amino acids
    3. Creatinine
    4. Sodium
    5. Urea
    1. Decreased GFR, Decreased RPF, Increased FF
    2. Increased GFR, Increased RPF, Increased FF
    3. Increased GFR, Decreased RPF, Increased FF
    4. Decreased GFR, Decreased RFF, No change in FF
    5. Decreased GFR, Decreased RPF, Decreased FF
    1. Angiotensin II
    2. Aldosterone
    3. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
    4. Epinephrine
    5. Prostaglandin E1
    1. Saturation of PAH transport carriers
    2. Decreased glomerular filtration of PAH
    3. Increased rate of PAH reabsorption
    4. Increased diffusion rate of PAH
    5. Increased flow rate of tubular contents
    1. 3 mg/ml
    2. 1 mg/ml
    3. 2 mg/ml
    4. 4 mg/ml
    5. 5 mg/ml
    1. Glucose: 0 mg/dL, Sodium: 0.25 mEq/dL, Creatinine: 100 mg/dL
    2. Glucose: 148 mg/dL, Sodium: 105 mEq/dL, Creatinine: 99 mg/dL
    3. Glucose: 0 mg/dL, Sodium: 48 mEq/dL, Creatinine: 100 mg/dL
    4. Glucose: 0 mg/dL, Sodium: 45 mEq/dL, Creatinine: 100 mg/dL
    5. Glucose: 0 mg/dL, Sodium: 4 mEq/dL, Creatinine: 0.01 mg/dL
    1. Saturation of glucose reabsorption proximal convoluted tubule
    2. Impaired utilization of glucose by the kidney
    3. Increased glomerular filtration of glucose
    4. Lack of insulin control in reabsorption of glucose from the tubule
    5. Secretion of glucose in the proximal convoluted tubule
    1. 1500 ml/min
    2. 200 ml/min
    3. 750 ml/min
    4. 1000 ml/min
    5. 3000 ml/min
    1. Inulin
    2. Creatinine
    3. Glucose
    4. Para-aminohippurate (PAH)
    5. Urea
    1. Urine Volume: Dec; Urine Osmolarity: Inc; Free Water Clearance: Dec; Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH): Inc.
    2. Urine Volume: Inc; Urine Osmolarity: Inc; Free Water Clearance: Dec; Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH): Inc.
    3. Urine Volume: Dec; Urine Osmolarity: Dec; Free Water Clearance: Dec; Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH): Inc.
    4. Urine Volume: Dec; Urine Osmolarity: Inc; Free Water Clearance: Dec; Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH): Dec.
    5. Urine Volume: Dec; Urine Osmolarity: Inc; Free Water Clearance: Inc; Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH): Inc.
    1. Proximal tubule
    2. Descending limb of loop of Henle
    3. Ascending limb of loop of Henle
    4. Distal tubule
    5. Collecting duct
    1. Drug X: Glucose; Drug Y: Creatinine
    2. Drug X: Creatinine; Drug Y: Glucose
    3. Drug X: Glucose; Drug Y: Potassium
    4. Drug X: Creatinine; Drug Y: Potassium
    5. Drug X: Potassium; Drug Y: Creatinine
    1. Bartter syndrome
    2. Pheochromocytoma
    3. Renal artery stenosis
    4. Primary hyperaldosteronism
    5. Secondary hyperaldosteronism
    1. Ventricular repolarization
    2. Atrial depolarization
    3. Period between ventricular depolarization and repolarization
    4. Atrial repolarization
    5. Ventricular depolarization
    1. Normal ventilation, low or non-existent perfusion and severe V/Q mismatch
    2. Lower ventilation and perfusion, but higher V/Q
    3. Higher ventilation and perfusion with lower V/Q
    4. Low or non-existent ventilation, normal perfusion and V/Q that equals to 0
    5. Medium ventilation and perfusion, V/Q that equals 0.8
    1. Metabolic alkalosis
    2. Normal acid-base status
    3. Respiratory alkalosis
    4. Respiratory acidosis
    5. Metabolic acidosis
    1. Selective β-blockers
    2. Nonselective β-blockers
    3. β-agonists
    4. α- agonists
    5. α- antagonists

    Author of lecture Physiology Question Set 2

     Lecturio USMLE

    Lecturio USMLE


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