Lectures

Anatomy Question Set 2

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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Anatomy Question Set 2 by Lecturio USMLE is from the course Anatomy – Board-Style Questions.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. It is composed of tubules and parynchema.
    2. It is composed of white pulp and red pulp.
    3. It produces hydrochloric acid.
    4. It concentrates and stores bile.
    5. It is the most common site of Meckel’s diverticulum.
    1. Femoral vein
    2. Greater saphenous vein
    3. Small saphenous vein
    4. Anterior tibial vein
    5. Posterior tibial vein
    1. Right coronary artery
    2. Right marginal artery
    3. Left marginal artery
    4. Left anterior descending artery
    1. Abducent nerve
    2. Occulomotor nerve
    3. Trochlear nerve
    4. Trigeminal nerve
    5. Optic Nerve
    1. 5th intercostal space at the mid-clavicular line on left side
    2. Medial end of the 2nd intercostal space on right side
    3. Medial end of the 2nd intercostal space on left side
    4. Right lower end of the body of the sternum
    5. 4th intercostal space at the mid-clavicular line on left side
    1. Anterior cruciate ligament
    2. Medial collateral ligament
    3. Lateral collateral ligament
    4. Posterior cruciate ligament
    5. Ligamentum patellae
    1. Jugular foramen
    2. Foramen lacerum
    3. Foramen ovale
    4. Foramen rotundum
    5. Foramen spinosum
    1. Right arm
    2. Left arm
    3. Left abdomen
    4. Right Abdomen
    5. Left pelvis
    1. Dura layer – Arachnoid
    2. Dura layer – Nucleus pulposus
    3. Arachnoid – Denticulate ligament
    4. Arachnoid – Pia layer
    5. Pia layer – Annulus fibrosus
    1. Double-positive for CD 4 and CD 8
    2. Positive for c-Kit
    3. Positive for CD 5, CD 7 and TdT and negative for keratin
    4. Positive for CD 15 and CD 30 and negative for CD 45, CD 3, CD 43 and keratin
    5. Positive for thyroglobulin and thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1)
    1. Deletion of short arm of Chromosome 1
    2. Detectable levels Homovanillic acid (HVA) and/or vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) levels in urine
    3. Age younger than 18 months
    4. Absence of MYCN gene amplification
    5. Absence of a nodular pattern
    1. A bacterium that induces complete lysis of red cells under the surface of a blood agar plate by an oxygen sensitive cytotoxin
    2. A bacterium that induces partial lysis of red cells by hydrogen peroxide
    3. A bacterium that induces partial lysis of red cells away from the center of the colony but not under the center of the colony
    4. A bacterium that does not lyse red cells
    5. A bacterium that induces incomplete lysis of red cells on the surface of a blood agar plate by an oxygen sensitive cytotoxin
    1. Ejection fraction: 40 % with increased left ventricular wall thickness
    2. Ejection fraction: 60 % with normal left ventricular wall thickness
    3. Ejection fraction: 80 % with regurgitant aortic valve
    4. Ejection fraction: 65 % with rapid early diastolic filling and slow late diastolic filling
    5. Ejection fraction: 55 % with dilated chambers and thin walls
    1. An accessory pathway from the atria to the ventricle
    2. A blockage in the conduction pathway
    3. Automatic impulse discharge of irregular impulse in the atria
    4. Impulse generation by the tissue in Atrioventricular node
    5. Wandering atrial pacemaker
    1. With the patient in the sitting position, below the tip of the scapula midway between the spine and the posterior axillary line on the superior margin of the eighth rib
    2. With the patient in the sitting position, at the midclavicular line on the second intercostal space
    3. With the patient in the supine position, just above the fifth rib in the midaxillary line
    4. With the patient in the sitting position, just above the fifth rib in the anterior axillary line
    5. With the patient in the supine position, in the fifth intercostal space right below the nipple
    1. Jugular veins distention
    2. Tracheal shift
    3. Subcutaneous emphysema
    4. No right chest raise
    5. Hyperresonance
    1. Absent blink reflex
    2. Intact sympathetics to the pupil
    3. Sparing of the optic disc
    4. Monocular diplopia
    5. Anesthesia along the V3 distribution
    1. Cranial nerves IX, X
    2. Cranial nerves X, XI, XII
    3. Cranial nerves VII & VIII
    4. Cranial nerves III, IV, VI
    5. Cranial nerves I, II, III
    1. Idiopathic facial paralysis
    2. Right hemisphere stroke
    3. Left middle cerebral artery stroke
    4. Facial nerve schwannoma
    5. Acoustic neuroma
    1. Homonymous hemianopsia
    2. Horner's syndrome
    3. Prosopagnosia
    4. Profound lower limb weakness
    5. Amaurosis fugax
    1. Posterior cerebral artery stroke
    2. Middle cerebral artery stroke
    3. Subarachnoid hemorrhage
    4. Vertebrobasilar stroke
    5. Lacunar stroke
    1. Aqueduct of Sylvius
    2. Inferior colliculi
    3. Tegmentum
    4. Third ventricle
    5. Corpora quadrigemina
    1. Absent gag reflex
    2. Hemiparesis
    3. Deviated tongue
    4. Hemianopia
    5. Intact cough reflex
    1. Pseudo-Argyll Robertson pupils
    2. Medial strabismus
    3. Eyes down and out
    4. Sensorineural hearing loss
    5. Conducting hearing loss
    1. Denervation of the descending sympathetic tract
    2. Third order neuron lesion
    3. Postganglionic sympathetic lesion
    4. Preganglionic lesion at the lateral gray horn
    5. Injury to the cervical sympathetic ganglia
    1. Guillain-Barré syndrome
    2. Multiple sclerosis
    3. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
    4. Adrenoleukodystrophy
    5. Myasthenia Gravis
    1. The superior oblique will have uninhibited intorsion.
    2. The superior oblique can maximally depress the eye when adducted.
    3. The superior oblique will have an upward gaze when midline.
    4. The superior oblique provides some adduction.
    5. The superior oblique's main action is abduction.
    1. Decreased salivation
    2. Wrinkled forehead
    3. Partial hearing loss
    4. Expressive aphasia
    5. Loss of taste to the tongue
    1. Warm water causing ipsilateral saccadic movement
    2. Warm water mimicking the head turning left
    3. Warm water causing ipsilateral slow pursuit
    4. Cold water causing contralateral slow pursuit
    5. Cold water causing ipsilateral saccadic movement
    1. Dejerine syndrome
    2. Lateral pontine syndrome
    3. Medial pontine syndrome
    4. Wallenberg syndrome
    5. Weber syndrome
    1. Positive Babinski sign
    2. Flaccid paresis
    3. Muscle atrophy
    4. Loss of deep tendon reflexes
    5. Fasciculations
    1. Loss of vibration sensation
    2. Deep tendon hyperreflexia
    3. Negative Romberg sign
    4. Painless ulcerating papule
    5. Granulomatous lesions
    1. Right-sided analgesia
    2. Right-sided Horner's syndrome
    3. Spastic paralysis at the level of lesion
    4. Contralateral loss of vibration and proprioception
    5. Contralateral corticospinal tract involvement
    1. Loss of bilateral of MLF
    2. Loss of cranial nerves III
    3. Loss of cranial nerves VI
    4. Loss of reticular formations
    5. Loss of frontal eye fields
    1. Cuneate and gracilis fasciculi are present
    2. Least amount of white matter
    3. Absence of gray matter enlargement
    4. Prominent lateral horns
    5. Involvement with parasympathetic nervous system
    1. Spinal metastasis
    2. Syringomyelia
    3. Epidural abscess
    4. Spinal hematoma
    5. Herniated disc
    1. Positive Romberg's sign
    2. Wide-based gait with a low step
    3. Hyperreflexia
    4. Loss of pain sensation
    5. Agraphesthesia
    1. Cerebellar Ataxia
    2. Upper limb weakness
    3. Decreased visual acuity
    4. Psychiatric symptoms
    5. Microcytic anemia
    1. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    2. Lambert-Eaton Syndrome
    3. Multiple sclerosis
    4. Primary lateral sclerosis
    5. Myasthenia gravis
    1. Anterior cord syndrome
    2. Brown-Sequard syndrome
    3. Central cord syndrome
    4. Spinal cord compression
    5. Spinal epidural hematoma
    1. Pancoast tumor
    2. Multiple myeloma
    3. Pulmonary amyloidosis
    4. Mesothelioma
    5. Subclavian aneurysm
    1. Crops of vesicles at different stages
    2. Pruritic papules with erythematous base
    3. Ulcerative dermal lesions
    4. Highly contagious vesicular lesions
    5. Erythematous, warm and painful
    1. Digital rectal examination
    2. Reassurance
    3. Urinalysis and serum creatinine
    4. Prostate specific antigen
    5. Ultrasonography
    1. Foramen spinosum
    2. Subarachnoid space
    3. Ventricular system
    4. Bridging veins
    5. Suprasellar cistern
    1. Aqueduct of sylvius
    2. Inferior colliculi
    3. Tegmentum
    4. Third ventricle
    5. Corpora quadrigemina
    1. CN VII- Buccal branch
    2. V3
    3. V2
    4. CN VII- Marginal mandibular branch
    5. CN VII- Zygomatic branch
    1. The superior mediastinum
    2. The anterior mediastinum
    3. The posterior mediastinum
    4. The diaphragm
    5. The epigastrium
    1. The presence of high grade dysplasia at the Z line
    2. The presence of goblet cells at the Z line
    3. The presence of metaplasia at the Z line
    4. The presence of stratified squamous epithelium at the Z line
    5. The presence of inflammatory cells in the body of the stomach
    1. In the pyloric channel within 3 cm of the pylorus
    2. Along the lesser curve at the incisura angularis
    3. In the body
    4. Proximal gastroesophageal ulcer near the gastro-esophageal junction
    5. Multiple sites throughout the stomach
    1. Gastroduodenal artery
    2. Inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery
    3. Superior pancreaticoduodenal artery
    4. Dorsal pancreatic artery
    5. Right gastroepiploic artery
    1. Inferior pancreaticoduodenal
    2. Gastroduodenal artery
    3. Superior pancreaticoduodenal
    4. Dorsal pancreatic artery
    5. Greater pancreatic artery
    1. His pain is transmitted by the right splanchnic nerve.
    2. His pain is transmitted bilaterally by somatic afferent nerve fibers of the abdomen.
    3. His pain is transmitted by right somatic nerve fibers.
    4. His pain is transmitted by somatic afferent nerve fibers located in the right flank.
    5. His pain is transmitted by the pelvic nerves.
    1. Left colic artery
    2. Right colic artery
    3. Sigmoid arteries
    4. Superior hemorrhoidal artery
    5. Internal pudendal artery
    1. The internal pudendal vein
    2. The internal hemorrhoids
    3. The middle rectal vein
    4. The superior rectal vein
    5. The Inferior mesenteric vein
    1. The balance of the components in bile will be altered.
    2. Synthesis of cholesterol in the liver will decrease.
    3. Absorption of dehydroxylated bile will decrease.
    4. Absorption of vitamin K will not be impaired.
    5. Enteric bacteria will remain the same.
    1. The zone closest to the centrolobular vein
    2. The zone receiving the most oxygenated blood from the hepatic artery
    3. The zone with little or no cytochrome P450 enzymes
    4. The zone where gluconeogenesis is predominant
    5. The zone involved in cholesterol synthesis
    1. Esophageal branch of left gastric vein-Esophageal branches of Azygos vein
    2. Umbilical vein-Superficial epigastric veins
    3. Superior and middle rectal vein-Inferior rectal veins
    4. Splenic vein-Renal vein
    5. Left branch of portal vein-Inferior vena cava
    1. The phrenic nerve
    2. Right thoraco-abdominal intercostal nerves
    3. The pain endings of the visceral peritoneum
    4. Left greater splanchnic nerve
    5. Celiac plexus and greater splanchnic nerves to the spinal cord
    1. A hormone released by the I cells of the duodenum in the presence of fatty acids is the most effective cause of relaxation.
    2. The sphincter is contracted between meals.
    3. Regulation of function of the sphincter of Oddi does not involve neural inputs.
    4. A hormone released by the M cells of the duodenum is the most effective cause of relaxation
    5. Sphincter relaxation is enhanced via stimulation of opioid receptors.
    1. Inability to smile on the left side
    2. Loss of taste on the left anterior 2/3 of the tongue
    3. Reduced production of tears in the left eye
    4. Hypersensitivity to sound in the left ear
    5. Numbness of the left cheek
    1. Paresis and numbness of the medial thigh and medial side of the calf, weak hip flexion and knee extension
    2. Loss of sensation laterally below the knee, weak thigh extension and knee flexion
    3. Numbness of the medial side of the thigh and inability to adduct the thigh
    4. Numbness of the ipsilateral scrotum and upper medial thigh
    5. Sensory loss to the dorsal surface of the foot and part of the anterior lower and lateral leg and foot drop
    1. Oxybutynin
    2. Metformin
    3. Lisinopril
    4. Hydrochlorothiazide
    5. Metoprolol
    1. Gastrocnemius/soleus-tibial nerve
    2. Quadriceps Femoris-Femoral nerve
    3. Sartorius-Femoral nerve
    4. Adductors-Obturator nerve
    5. Tibialis posterior-Tibial nerve
    1. Walk
    2. Rise from sitting
    3. Stand
    4. Climb stairs
    5. Running
    1. He will have pain with inversion and eversion of his foot
    2. He will have a foot drop
    3. He will have pain when dorsiflexing his foot
    4. He will not be able to plantar flex his foot
    5. He will not be able to point his toe
    1. Excessive strain on the medial fascicle
    2. The pain in the right foot is caused by the bone spur
    3. The central fascicle is the thinnest and the most likely to rupture
    4. The patient’s Windlass mechanism remains intact
    5. The underlying structures of the sole of the foot are intact
    1. A narrowing of the superficial femoral artery
    2. An occluded tibialis posterior on the left foot
    3. An absent dorsalis pedis with a normal tibialis posterior in the left foot
    4. An occlusion of the first dorsal metatarsal artery
    5. An occlusion of the deep plantar artery

    Author of lecture Anatomy Question Set 2

     Lecturio USMLE

    Lecturio USMLE


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