Question 1 kicks us off by asking us "You must be able
to do this in order to do buck-dancing properly."
Now, the passage does have this nice title paragraphs,
but realistically you'll want out on your scratch paper
such as to give a basic title for each paragraph
on your own regardless of whether that's given.
In any rate, we know that paragraph
2 discusses buck-dancing.
If you read answer selection D, place the accent on a
beats or taps and you are kind of scanning this quickly,
you might answer that just for memory of the
passage because it seems similar or familiar.
But keep in mind the test writers love to put answer
selections that are the exact opposite of the correct answer
selection that kind of trap readers
who are reading in this fashion.
A closer examination of paragraph 2 shows that
"buck-dancing is done to syncopated rhythms
and you must get the right accent
on those syncopated beats."
This aligns clearly to answer selection A, get
the right accent on syncopated beats or taps.
Question 2 then goes on to state "in order to do the
front tap, how must a dancer swing his or her leg?"
Now, this is a very detail-oriented
question from a detail-oriented passage.
And illustrates that comprehension questions can
be easy or as difficult as the passage itself.
It's implied at the start of the final paragraph
to swing the lower leg from the knee down,
which could maybe leave some wiggle room
for other parts of the leg to be moved.
But then towards the middle of the same paragraph, the
passage states "swing
the lower leg from the knee back and forth, not the upper
leg at all."
Ruling out answer selections B through D which in
some way imply that the upper leg is being moved.
Answer selection A, swing the leg front and back from the
knee without moving the upper leg is therefore correct.
Question 3 then goes on to state "Buck-dancing
is a form of what kind of dance?"
Tap dancing, ballet, folk
dancing, ritual dance.
The first paragraph discusses tap and step dancing and then
transitions immediately into a discussion of buck-dancing.
It's kind of the odd one out because
it wasn't, in the name itself,
clarified that it's a type of tap dancing but here I like to
think of the structure of the text itself kind of implying
that the first discussion on tap and step dancing can
apply to the subsequent discussion on buck-dancing.
However, we can also get further context where the passage
states that buck-dancing must get the right accent
on the syncopated beats or taps which would
clearly align to answer selection A, tap dancing.
Question 4 states "based on the passage,
which of the following statements is true?"
Here, we kind of need to visualize
what's going on in the passage.
In one part, we have the lower leg from the
knee down kind of swinging to the beat.
Answer choice D states the ability to land with strong
would improve one's tap work is actually explicitly advised
So we can rule that one out while keeping kind of
the mental picture of these dances in our head.
Then we want to look at
answer selections A and B.
A focuses on the abdominal muscles
and B focuses on the upper body.
So, while these would be an asset to the types of dances
we discussed, we need to choose the answer choice
that would align with the question
stem to the greatest degree.
And answer selection C, flexibility in one's lower leg and
ankles would be an asset in terms of tap or buck-dancing,
I do think best aligns to the skills that
we have discussed for these dance steps.
Question 5 states "An individual who has
difficulty playing the cello in 3/4 timing
then changing to 7/8 timing may find tap
dancing challenging for what reason?"
This question engages your ability
to carry out analogical thought.
You're not looking for the answer selection that has
commonality with the passage, something that talks about 3/4
or 7/8 timing,
but you're looking for something where you can kind of
operationalize abstract thought in the concrete logic
and find some analogy between an
answer selection in the question stem.
B through D kind of referred to the kinetic challenges of
music, how the body can quite nearly perform the action,
and if you are looking for direct
similarity one of those might be tempting.
But answer selection A, both tap dancing and playing a
musical instrument require that one be able to follow
and perform to a specific beat or pattern
fits well with the idea of changing a rhythm.
Further note that the answer selection includes the fudge
word here "pattern" for those of you who didn't know
that 3/4 or 7/8 referred to a beat just illustrating
that you really don't need outside knowledge for CARS.
Our best answer selection
therefore is answer choice A.
We bring this home with question 6 "Based on the passage,
which of the following reasons would best support
that tap dance is a good activity for someone who
wanted to improve leg strength and coordination."
And I like to approach this question by seeing which answer
choices first positively align with the question stem
before I get to the passage and then
I'll bring in the context from there.
Answer choice A is basically a
restatement of the question stem.
So we'll keep it in mind as kind of our
first choice that could be correct.
Something being aerobic for answer choice B could
possibly improve these traits so then we can evaluate it
per the passage where the aerobic nature of tap dancing
was not elaborated. So I think we can rule out B.
I'm not saying how repetition and practice on the
phase would improve strength and coordination,
so I think we can safely rule out answer selection
C and answer choice D relates counting and tapping
which one could make a fair argument that counting
refers to coordination and stepping to strength.
So, without so much as a specific citation,
I do think that answer selection A
simply jives with a more extensive discussion on how lower
movements need to be coordinated to successfully tap or step
whereas D refers to a specific relationship
that was maybe given a passing notice if that.
So we have to go with the answer selection that fits the
preponderance of evidence which will be answer selection A.