So, another phenomenon is something called
And here’s another example of you not
doing something and contributing;
and that’s when individuals exert less effort
if they’re being evaluated as a group.
So here again the group is helping
[00:00:14,1] your individual responsibility.
So let’s break down the term Social Loafing.
Social refers to the fact that
you’re in a social group
and loafing refers to the term, of you might
not refer this as “you’re a loafer”, or “you’re lazy”.
So the degree of loafing or laziness
goes up as group size increases.
So, think of a situation where, in this diagram
we have three of you sitting around a round table.
Now, if there is three of you,
and you’re talking about, let’s say,
the biology section on the NCAT exam.
And you have Tom, you have Dick, and you have Jane.
Now, if Jane and Tom we’re having
a very interactive discussion,
but Dick is sitting there doing nothing,
he’s really not contributing at all,
he’s not part of that discussion,
that’s not going to look so good.
You’re going to need all three
of those individuals involved;
as supposed to if you have a group of say, 10 individuals
sitting around talking about the biology section
and you just tend to kind of
sit back, relax, maybe keep quiet,
the occasional nodding of your head but
you’re really not involved in that discussion,
no one’s going to really notice. Okay?
So, as a group size goes up,
your responsibility goes down
and the degree of loafing goes up.
So, we say that this is the
opposite of social facilitation.
So, in social facilitation
as there is more people,
you tend to be more involved and
do a better job and here’s the opposite.
Now, one way to sort of combat this, is
incorporating both group and individual parameters.
So, things like, as a group, I want to see
how well you guys do in this biology exam
or in this biology discussion.
and I want to have 5 of your top points
that come out of that discussion.
Now, all of a sudden, you know
that you’re kind of being graded
and somebody is looking at your
participation in a group setting
and so if they noticed well, “Hey Tarry,
What were your thoughts on that group discussion?”
Well, actually I didn’t say anything
that is not in my head.
Now you have a sense of responsibility of saying:
“Well, in the discussion, I participated
and we came up the following 2 points.”
Now, when you look at individual parameters,
I’m saying as say for example an employer,
I can say those who were the
top 3 salespeople on this region
are going to get incentive with
a awesome coffee mug with my face on it.
you’re going to do a better job.
And so you’re not going to sit back, you actually
want to get involved so that individually,
you’re going to be identified even though
you’re sitting in a group setting.