Now, Social Control.
Here’s another thing that is related to a group.
That we’re going to look at how
the social factors behind this group will
actually help change individual behavior.
Now, the group is controlling or
leading your individual behavior.
So, we’re going to look at two different types.
The first one being informal.
Here is internalization of norms
and values shaped by a group standard.
So, the analogy is a whole bunch of people
at work are always wearing a suit and tie.
Now you know that that’s basically what they do.
You know that the norm for the group
and so when you go to work and if you show up
in a pair of jeans and a t-shirt,
you’re really not fitting with that group.
And so that group has indirectly controlled
your norms and values.
This is used quite commonly; I know ways of
thinking and ways of behaving.
It’s not necessarily just your clothes,
it can be in a lot of different things.
Now, Formal, is when now we’re getting more regulation.
and we’re getting in a government and police involved.
so we say, external rules or sanctions applied
by government or other bodies create order.
So now, as the society, I’m controlling your behavior
because I have applied this social control,
formal social control.
You need to walk on this side of the road,
you need to be driving on this side of the road,
you need to do this, you need to do that,
you need to travel at a certain of speed,
you need to wear shoes [0:01:27,7].
These are different things that can be applied
as formal rules or sanctions.
And as a result, it shapes and controls your behavior.
Peer pressure, I think we’ve all experienced peer pressure,
is where a group or individual encourages others to change
their attitudes, values or behaviors to conform.
So, let’s simplify that down to saying,
basically, a group will tell you in really
using social pressure help guide you in terms of
encouraging your changes in your attitudes and behaviors.
Very common in our society, I think we are
subject to a lot of peer pressure
and we actually impart a lot of peer pressure.
Now, social groups affected can include
those who are part of a formal
or informal group or cliques.
So, let’s think of that, having metal group band,
or that goth group at school.
and everybody wears black.
and if you want to be part of that group,
the peer pressure is associated with that group,
you have to wear all black,
you have to get a couple of piercings,
at least a couple of tattoos.
Now you can be served part of this group.
It can be things like ways of thinking,
at work, or different cliques.
The associated groups are, where you want to avoid
associating and behave counter to group norms.
So, what you’re doing here is you wanna act a certain way
so that you want to not associate yourself with the norm.
So say, back to my goth example,
if the bulk of people wear suits and ties,
well-groomed and are attending your school.
You don’t want to be part of that, you want
actually to dissociate yourself from that.
and so you create your own group
and that group is actually distancing
themselves from the norm.
So we say counter to the social norms.
Certain factors can contribute to
the effect of this in peer pressure
including age, gender,
culture and group size.
Let’s backtrack and slow that down.
Let’s take a look at; if you’re a little bit older,
you tend to be a little more resistant to peer pressure
as opposed to being a youngster,
or your highly influenced by those around you,
you’re more likely to change
your behaviors to fit in.
Gender can also have a huge impact.
Cultures as well, lot of cultures,
there’s cultural peer pressure,
you do things in a certain way.
Certain cultures say, you need
to get married by a certain age,
you need to marry a certain type of person
that will really, really influence
the decisions that you make;
it might not want to be the decisions
that you want to make
but because of the peer pressure afflicted
by your culture, you end up doing that.
And the last one is group size.
Again, the larger the group size, the more powerful
the peer pressure that can be applied.
or to say just one person.
Another thing that’s not represented here is actually
the connectivity or the value of the relationship.
So the peer pressure instilled by say,
your mother and father versus the neighbor
down the street that you barely see.
When your parents tell you to do something,
they carry a little bit more weight
versus the person you occasionally see.
and they mention something,
they might not carry the same value.