So in a nutshell, sickle cell anemia - this is
where the blood cells are shaped like sickles.
They have difficulty flowing
through the blood vessels.
This is a genetic autosomal recessive disorder.
It's common in patients from African, Caribbean,
Meditteranean and South American regions,
and some patients will never
experience a sickle cell crisis.
There are triggers that can trigger
the crisis, including overexhaustion,
including viral and bacterial.
Poor oxygenation, is going to result in damage to
the vital organs and this can also lead to death.
Signs and symptoms include difficulty breathing, anxiety,
chest and abdominal pain, and pain to the arms and legs.
We treat sickle cell crises by providing pain management,
increasing fluids providing supplememtal oxygen,
monitoring your vital signs and oxygen saturations,
and prophylactic and treatment antibiotics.
Thank you for listening on this
lecture on sickle cell anemia.