So there are several risk factors for patient safety and we
need to consider this when we're taking care of our patient.
So one of them could be age and developmental stage.
This could be a certain patient diagnosis.
So for example, certain diagnosis
can definitely put a patient at risk.
An example of this may be a heart
failure patient, a diabetic patient.
There's lots of complications that come along with that.
The other thing is mental status.
Man, if you've ever taken care of a confused
patient, it's really troublesome and really risky
for that patient to fall, for them to harm themselves.
So these are all things we need to consider.
The other thing is sometimes as
healthcare providers, we administer meds
that really can do a number on our patients.
Think about when you come out of
anesthesia and you're trying to walk around,
you can imagine you're definitely
gonna be a risk of falls and risk for injury.
So now let's look at some safety
risks by developmental stage.
The reason why these are gonna
be important to us as a nurse,
some of these are the cause of
why they come see us in the hospital.
So for example, toddlers, they
could fall with an injury to their head.
It could be a biking accident, they could have
fallen off the couch or fallen off something higher.
The other thing is accidental poisoning.
Sometimes kids tend to get underneath
cabinets in kitchens and get ahold of poisons
or other chemicals that are definitely undesirable.
Next, unfortunately, drowning is something
that we see in the hospital under toddlers,
something that's really sad to see
but this is also a risk at their age.
So let's look at the school-age patient.
Now a lot of times they come to us with maybe
football injuries, broken arm, something like that,
maybe even burns because they like to
play with fire sometimes.
So just keep in mind, these are some of the
potential causes of safety risk to these clients.
So when we think about adolescence, a lot of
the times we're gonna see them in the hospital
due to a vehicle accident.
It's a scary time for parents, I can only imagine.
But not only that, substance
abuse, and also threats of suicide.
So they come to us in the hospital
a lot, we may see marks on their arms,
we may see signs of drug abuse, these are all
potential things that we would treat in the hospital.
Now when we get to more of adult, a lot of the
times we see safety risks because of their lifestyle habits,
and again, those vehicle accidents
also could be another issue.
Also with adults, a lot of the older
population we're really worried about falls,
so most of the time they come to us because also
confusion, maybe they fell and hit their head or broke a hip.
The other thing we see really commonly
in the older adult is urinary tract infections,
and they can cause a lot of confusion on our patients.
So anytime an older adult is admitted to the
ER and they seem to be confused or disoriented,
one of the first things we actually do is do a urinary
screen to see if they have a urinary tract infection.