Review of the Process of Breathing (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes

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    00:00 Okay, let's go back to our air molecule. Now, we've done 1 through 4. Right? We went from the nasal cavity, and by the way we just numbered the system, you don't use these exact numbers in real healthcare. This is just our way to illustrate it for you. So we start with the nasal cavity, right the pharynx, the larynx, the trachea and where it bifurcates into 2 bronchi.

    00:22 Those were our first 4 stops. Then 5 through 8, we had the main bronchi where they divide into smaller sections and we have the secondary bronchi, the tertiary bronchi, the terminal bronchioles, and the respiratory bronchioles. So, great place for you to pause and test your brain. Pause the video, make sure you're very clear and think as you're walking through 1 through 8. Can you think of a function or a difference or some descriptor about each one of those 8 stops. Okay, now that you've given yourself a review of 1 through 8, let's break down the air molecule trip one more time. So the respiratory bronchioles, stop 9, divide into multiple alveolar ducts. Now we're getting down to the serious business of CO2 and O2 exchange. The docs have alveolar sacs and I see in our drawing we take in that little tiny box to give you a feel for where it is, you see where it breaks off and becomes smaller and smaller, smaller parts of the airway. Now we're going to take that little tiny square and blow it up.

    01:30 That's where you see the other numbers on the right side. See we have, that's where we're going to have the ducts of alveolar sacs and the alveoli represented by #11, that's where the actual gas exchange takes place. Okay, so the alveolar sacs and the alveoli, that's where the actual gas exchange takes place. So it doesn't happen in my nose, doesn't happen in my pharynx, my larynx, my trachea, or the rhonchi, bronchioles. It has to get way down to this level where CO2 and O2 exchange actually occurs.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Review of the Process of Breathing (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes is from the course Review: Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Alveoli
    2. Pharynx
    3. Larynx
    4. Bronchi

    Author of lecture Review of the Process of Breathing (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes

    Rhonda Lawes

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