Lectures

Renal Question Set 2

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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Renal Question Set 2 by Lecturio USMLE is from the course Renal Pathology – Board-Style Questions.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Urothelial Carcinoma-in-situ
    2. Urothelial Hyperplasia
    3. Reactive atypia
    4. Urothelial Metaplasia
    5. Microinvasion
    1. Acute Tubular Necrosis
    2. Acute interstitial nephritis
    3. Acute glomerulonephritis
    4. Chronic kidney disease
    5. Acute pyelonephritis
    1. Acute papillary necrosis
    2. Acute cystitis
    3. Acute interstitial nephritis
    4. Acute tubular necrosis
    5. Acute glomerulonephritis
    1. Membrano proliferative glomerulonephritis
    2. Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis
    3. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
    4. Membranous glomerulonephritis
    5. Minimal change disease
    1. Fibrinoid Necrosis
    2. Acute tubular necrosis
    3. Papillary Necrosis
    4. Acute pyelonephritis
    5. Acute interstitial nephritis
    1. Overflow proteinuria
    2. Transient (Functional) proteinuria
    3. Orthostatic proteinuria
    4. Isolated proteinuria
    5. Tubular proteinuria
    1. Liver disease
    2. Increase in protein diet
    3. Spironolactone
    4. Use of probenecid
    5. Urea value is within normal limit
    1. Serum Blood urea nitrogen /Creatinine (BUN/Cr) >20
    2. Urine osmolality <350 mOsm/kg
    3. Fractional excretion of Sodium (FENa): >2 %
    4. Urine Na+ >40 mEq/L
    5. Serum creatinine: < 1 mg/dL
    1. Nonspecific, can be a normal finding
    2. End-stage renal disease/chronic kidney disease
    3. Nephrotic syndrome
    4. Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis
    5. Acute Interstitial nephritis
    1. Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD)
    2. Medullary cystic disease
    3. Simple renal cysts
    4. Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD)
    5. Acquired cystic kidney disease
    1. Developmental anomaly characterized by cystic dilatation of the collecting tubules in renal pyramids
    2. Vascular anomalies and genetic mutations leading to maldevelopment of kidney
    3. Usually idiopathic in nature
    4. Acquired condition secondary to dialysis
    5. Neoplastic changes in the proximal tubular cells of kidney
    1. Linear immunofluorescence deposits of IgG and C3 along GBM
    2. Granular lumpy bumpy appearance along GBM and mesangium
    3. Mesangial deposition of IgA often with C3
    4. Negative Immunofluorescence
    5. Granular sub-endothelial deposits
    1. Spike and dome appearance
    2. Effacement of foot process
    3. Subepithelial humps
    4. Basket-weave appearance of GBM
    5. Massive amyloid deposition and spicular aggregates
    1. Positive streptozyme test
    2. Negative Antistreptolysin O (ASO) titer
    3. Increased C3 level
    4. Decreased serum creatinine
    5. Normal Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    1. Hypercellular and enlarged glomeruli
    2. Crescentic proliferation consisting of glomerular parietal cells, macrophage and fibrin
    3. Mesangial proliferation
    4. Segmental sclerosis and hyalinosis
    5. Wire looping of capillaries
    1. Capillary loop thickening with marked hypercellularity of endothelial and mesangial cells
    2. Crescentic proliferation of proximal tubular cells with macrophages along with fibrin deposition
    3. Enlarged and hypercellular glomeruli with sub-epithelial deposits
    4. No change under light microscopy
    5. Splitting of glomerular basement membrane due to mesangial ingrowth
    1. Anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody (Anti-GBM)
    2. Anti-dsDNA antibody
    3. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (C-ANCA)
    4. Anti-neutrophil perinuclear antibody (P-ANCA)
    5. Anti-phospholipid antibody
    1. Hypoalbuminemia
    2. Hyperlipidemia
    3. Hypertension
    4. Loss of antithrombin III in the urine
    5. Loss of globulin in the urine
    1. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
    2. Membranous nephropathy
    3. Diabetic glomerulosclerosis
    4. Minimal change disease
    5. Renal amyloidosis
    1. Membranous nephropathy
    2. Minimal change disease
    3. Renal amyloidosis
    4. Diabetic glomerulonephropathy
    5. Lipoid nephrosis
    1. Lipoid nephrosis
    2. Membranous nephropathy
    3. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
    4. Post infectious glomerulonephritis
    5. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
    1. Splitting of glomerular basement membrane with subendothelial deposits
    2. Segmental sclerosis and hyalinosis
    3. Normal glomeruli with some lipid in Proximal convoluted tubule cells
    4. Enlarged glomeruli with hypercellularity giving a lumpy-bumpy appearance
    5. Crescentic proliferation composed of glomerular parietal cells, macrophages, fibrin
    1. Glomerular basement membrane thickening and mesangial expansion
    2. Normal kidney biopsy, no pathological finding is evident at this time
    3. Glomerular hypertrophy with slight glomerular basement membrane thickening
    4. Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules and tubulointerstitial fibrosis
    5. Significant global glomerulosclerosis
    1. Untreated lower urinary tract infection
    2. Diabetes mellitus
    3. History of smoking
    4. Congenital urinary tract anomaly
    5. Urinary tract obstruction
    1. Tubules containing eosinophilic casts
    2. Sloughed tubular cells within tubular lumen
    3. Polygonal clear cells with accumulated lipids and carbohydrates
    4. Normal glomeruli with accumulated lipid in proximal convoluted tubular cells
    5. Segmental sclerosis and hyalinosis
    1. TubuloInterstitial nephritis
    2. Rheumatoid arthritis
    3. Renal papillary necrosis
    4. Acute tubular necrosis
    5. Diffuse cortical necrosis
    1. Analgesic nephropathy
    2. Chronic pyelonephritis
    3. Acute tubular necrosis
    4. Diffuse cortical necrosis
    5. Membranous nephropathy
    1. PTH ↑ Ca ↓ Phosphate ↑ Calcitriol ↓
    2. PTH ↓ Ca ↑ Phosphate ↑ Calcitriol ↑
    3. PTH ↑ Ca ↑ Phosphate ↓ Calcitriol ↓
    4. PTH ↓ Ca ↓ Phosphate ↑ Calcitriol ↓
    5. PTH ↔ Ca ↔ Phosphate ↔ Calcitriol ↔
    1. Failure of adequate erythropoietin production
    2. Failure of 1α-hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol
    3. Increased retention of uremic products
    4. Progressive metabolic acidosis
    5. Side effect of her medication
    1. Nucleic acid amplification test (NAATs)
    2. Gram stain
    3. Leukocyte esterase dipstick test
    4. Urethral biopsy
    5. Tzanck smear
    1. Hemolytic uremic syndrome
    2. IgA nephropathy
    3. Sickle cell disease
    4. Antiphospholipid syndrome
    5. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) nephropathy
    1. Thin cortical rim
    2. Enlarged kidneys with bosselated surface
    3. Ureteropelvic junction narrowing
    4. Granular surface
    5. Pale cortical deposits
    1. Struvite
    2. Cystine
    3. Calcium oxalate
    4. Uric acid
    5. Xanthine
    1. Acidic urine
    2. Alkaline urine
    3. Positive leukocyte esterase
    4. Nitrites
    5. Low specific gravity
    1. Clear cell carcinoma
    2. Collecting duct carcinoma
    3. Papillary carcinoma
    4. Oncocytic carcinoma
    5. Chromophobe carcinoma
    1. Chromosome 11
    2. Chromosome 13
    3. Chromosome 3
    4. Chromosome 22
    5. Chromosome 1
    1. Bladder exstrophy
    2. Cloacal exstrophy
    3. Posterior urethral valves
    4. Body stalk anomaly
    5. Urachal cyst
    1. Staphylococcus saprophyticus
    2. Enterococcus faecalis
    3. Proteus mirabilis
    4. Klebsiella pneumoniae
    5. Streptococcus agalactiae
    1. Self-care and behavior modification
    2. Admission to the ER for intravenous antibiotic administration
    3. Conjugated estrogens
    4. Urinary analgesia with phenazopyridine
    5. Escalation to levofloxacin
    1. Overflow incontinence
    2. Functional incontinence
    3. Urgency incontinence
    4. Stress incontinence
    5. Mixed incontinence
    1. Clitoris
    2. Labia minora
    3. Labia majora
    4. Vestibule
    5. Bartholin glands
    1. Hypophosphataemia
    2. Hyperkalaemia
    3. Hypocalcaemia
    4. Anaemia
    5. Acidosis

    Author of lecture Renal Question Set 2

     Lecturio USMLE

    Lecturio USMLE


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