Race is another one.
Race and Ethnicity.
So race is a socially defined category
that is based on physical differences
between groups of people.
The color of your skin is an easy way
to remember that. That’s a physical difference.
Now, racial formation theory looks at
race as a socially constructed identity,
where the content and importance
of racial categories is determined by
some of the same things; social,
economic and political factors.
So these are the three drivers behind
what’s forming our concepts around race.
So many times, the racial difference may be
perceived or based from a historical perspective,
Its color of your skin versus
color of the hair or your eyes.
So let’s look at, I’m thinking of North America
this justice and the spirit that we have,
and the black culture.
So African Americans have been looked
down upon for years in generations.
But people really don’t discriminate based
on the color of somebody’s hair or eyes.
Alright, so why are we
discriminating against blonds?
Well I guess sometimes we do
have some blond jokes. But I mean,
on the same way that we perhaps
discriminate based on the color of your skin.
So are you, is the color of your
skin black? Or do you have red hair?
There’s a difference there for sure.
Now, ethnicity is a category of people who identify
with each other based on a cultural difference.
Common language, ancestry, social,
cultural and national factors.
And is primarily an inherited status.
So you kind of, you inherit your ethnicity.
And its something that you basically
carry with you but it has less. I would say,
I don’t want to say power. But it’s less
concrete or it’s less, I don’t know here.
So, less statistically or concretely
defined than racial groups.
It’s quite clear, you know. Your, the color
of your skin is brown or black.
And you’re categorize as being black.
But in terms of ethnicity, there is
more [inaudible 00:02:01,7] room in it.
And it can change a lot of times
you have the ability to actually overtime,
over generations adjust your ethnicity.
You really can’t do that with race.
Now, ethnicity is a dynamic process
that can change across generations.
So social constructs of race and ethnicity
can impact level on access to education, employment,
and you see this disparity in pay
and opportunity a lot like you would gender.
There’s an actual, we can actually see
there’s a differences in life expectancy,
overall health, access to
healthcare, health behaviors.
So it’s extremely impactful.
We make these broad generalizations
of ethnicity but that shapes
to social construct of that ethnicity.
So again back to my example,
in North America, we can have this
categorization of a certain ethnicity.
Say, all Hispanics or you generalize
across a broad ethnicity.
And they tend you fall within a
lower social economic status
and that therefore impacts thing like health,
access to health, health behaviors.
So racialization and ethnicization is the process
of assigning ethnic or racial identities to a group
that does not identify itself as such.
So just because you have a certain colors of
skin, you might not necessarily relate yourself
to that obvious race or ethnicity. But the
culture, the dominate culture are you with
does and bends you with others solely
base on like the color of your skin
or the ethnicity they think you belong to.
So the racialized group often gradually identifies
with and even embraces the ascribed identity.
So if they say, if we start to give an identity
to Hispanics or Blacks or Asians or Indians,
and say, “Oh, you know, all Hispanics,
they have these identity
or they are only good at doing these."
That describe by that broader population.
Not by the Hispanic community or Black
community or any community themselves.
But over time, slowly they start
to almost identify it and embrace it.
If you’re gonna say that I’m, that we’re always
kind of into crime and are unable to work.
Then that becomes almost part of their
culture and they start embracing it.
Now, they start singing about it and
playing those roles in movies.
And overtime, they actually reaffirm the actual
identity that was ascribed by that broader group.