Process of Breathing (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes, PhD, RN

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    00:00 Now the diaphragm. This is an incredible muscle. It's a muscle that really is responsible for the mechanics of breathing. Now look at our graphic there. You don't see any lungs there, we're just showing you the rib cage, the sternum, and you can see the diaphragm. Now look at that.

    00:19 On right side is a little higher than the left side and this is a thin skeletal muscle. So it's what separates my thoracic cavity from my abdominal cavity and if this muscle isn't working, I'm not breathing without assistance. So let's go back to that air molecule. Nasal cavity #1; the pharynx in the throat; the larynx, the voice box so we're 1, 2, and 3. Next, the trachea where it bifurcates into the 2 main bronchi and then the primary or main bronchi are made up of cartilage and smooth muscle. Alright, so we hit the first 5 stops on our trip. Now we're going to go to #6, the main bronchi where they divide into the smaller sections. Now, they're cleverly named, look at that; secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi. Each one becomes a little bit smaller.

    01:16 Now the tertiary bronchi divide into smaller diameter bronchioles and those are all the way throughout the lungs. So, you filed it all the way into the nose, we got down to the mainstem bronchi where they divide into smaller sections, the secondary bronchi and the tertiary bronchi, and it's the tertiary bronchi they go into even smaller diameters that we call bronchioles. So, as we go through the respiratory tract it becomes smaller and smaller and smaller.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Process of Breathing (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes, PhD, RN is from the course Review: Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Diaphragm
    2. Lungs
    3. Ribs
    4. Sternum

    Author of lecture Process of Breathing (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes, PhD, RN

    Rhonda Lawes, PhD, RN

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