Now, getting in to class, social class
and higher class versus lower class.
We have to at least address
the notion of poverty.
So that is defined as the general scarcity
or the state of one who would relax the certain
amount of material possessions or money, okay.
Now it has a lot of different components to it.
So it’s a multifaceted concept which includes
both social, economic, and political contributors.
But there is sort if more specific definitions
around the type of poverty that we are talking about.
So there is two types that you can have.
Absolute and Relative.
Now, relative refers to the inability to meet
the average standard of living within the society.
So if we look and say, in north America,
you’re considered to be relatively poor
If you don’t have an IPhone, and if you don’t have 2 cars
and of you don’t have a kids to go in summer camps.
Some will say, well they are
a little less well off than we are.
You have a home. You might have an amazingly
landscape yard. You don’t have an awesome iPhone.
You might have an old flip phone.
Things like that.
So relatively speaking you might be poor compared
to maybe the national norm or the societal norm.
But in comparison to say those in parts of Africa
that have nothing. You’re not poor, okay.
So its kind of related to standard of living.
Absolute poverty is like even applies. This is absolute.
It’s not relative. We are not comparing to the other place.
This are bare minimums. You have the inability
to meet the bare minimum basic necessities of life
like clean drinking water, water, food,
safe housing, access to health care.
These are the basics you need to live and survive.
If you don’t have these things
you’d be considered impoverish.
That’s absolute poverty versus a relative poverty.
Okay, now we are going to look at social exclusion.
This is the process by which individuals or entire
communities or people are systematically blocked
from (or denied full access to) social rights.
And this can include things like access to housing, employment,
healthcare, democratic participation, due process.
This are marginalized individuals and that’s
because of their poverty. So if you think of
an individual who's living on the street, who has nothing,
who has panhandling, they haven’t showered in weeks.
They may not carry unfortunately the same
social rights that somebody else would.
So it’s not that they don’t – they are not deserving.
They just simply, in terms the way the society
setup they don’t have the same access.
A lot of times they won’t be allowed into
restaurants, they won’t be allowed in to places
For to you to try to get housing,
access to health care becomes limited.
And so, that really, really becomes
a difficult issue to manage.
And this isn’t something that we are talking about
in terms we say relative poverty although that can happen.
This is hands down absolute poverty is one
of where for sure you’ll have the social exclusion
this marginalized portions of our society.