Phases of Disaster Management (Nursing)

by Heide Cygan, DNP, RN

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    00:01 This presentation is about the phases of disaster management.

    00:06 In order for public health nurses to develop strategies that mitigate the impact of disasters, it's important to understand the phases of disaster management.

    00:15 In this presentation, I'll walk you through the four phases, and the role of the public health nurse in each.

    00:22 Here's the full model of the phases of disaster management.

    00:27 You'll see there are four phases that are separated in four different colors.

    00:32 Let's take a look at each in detail starting with the green.

    00:35 This is prevention and mitigation.

    00:38 During the prevention and mitigation phase, no disaster is expected or anticipated in the near future.

    00:45 The tasks that we complete during this phase are to identify community risk factors to develop and implement programs to prevent disasters from occurring, or mitigate their impact.

    00:55 We also train personnel and educate citizens about what to do if a disaster occurs.

    01:01 A great example of an activity here is fire drills.

    01:04 We don't anticipate that a fire is going to happen, but we still prepare it by making plans and educating those who are at risk.

    01:11 The goal here is to prevent or minimize the impact of future events.

    01:16 In this phase, the public health nurse can establish objectives, conduct risk assessments, and engage in risk prevention and mitigation.

    01:28 Moving on to the next phase.

    01:30 Here we have preparedness.

    01:32 And this phase, we're anticipating that a disaster is going to occur in the near future.

    01:37 For example, we may know that a tornado is headed our way based on weather predictions.

    01:42 Disaster Preparedness involves improving community and individual reactions and responses.

    01:47 So that the effects of the disaster are minimized.

    01:51 This includes communication and evacuation.

    01:54 Here we also have to acquire equipment, personnel, supplies, medicines, even food, clean water, blankets, shelter, anything that we will need once the disaster occurs.

    02:07 In the preparation phase, the public health nurse can help with emergency access, maybe establishing smart evacuation routes.

    02:16 The public health nurse can actually be a part of the emergency team conducting drills and carrying out activities once the disaster has occurred.

    02:25 The public health nurse can also determine what equipment is needed and help acquire that emergency equipment.

    02:31 Next, we have the response phase.

    02:34 The response phase begins as soon as the disaster occurs.

    02:38 Preparedness plans take effect immediately.

    02:41 With the goals of saving lives and preventing further injury or damage to property.

    02:46 Activities during the response phase include: rescue, triage, transportation of individuals who've been injured, and treatment at local hospitals or clinics.

    02:56 In the response phase, the public health nurse can be a part of those rescue and relief efforts.

    03:01 They can also do an immediate assessment of the damage to determine population health needs.

    03:07 They can also collaborate with others in the protection of damaged property.

    03:13 Finally, we have the recovery phase.

    03:16 In this phase, the community takes action to repair and rebuild their community.

    03:21 Here, we relocate damaged homes and businesses.

    03:25 We restore health, social and economic vitality to the community.

    03:30 Psychological recovery of a community is also addressed in this part of the model.

    03:36 In the recovery phase, the public health nurse can do a detailed damage assessment to have a true understanding of the needs of the population.

    03:45 They can also take part in treatments in the community, and finally, in the recovery and rehabilitation of the community.

    03:54 By understanding the phases of disaster management, we're able to identify how we can positively impact the community before, during and after a disaster occurs.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Phases of Disaster Management (Nursing) by Heide Cygan, DNP, RN is from the course Emergency Preparedness (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Preparedness
    2. Prevention and mitigation
    3. Response
    4. Identification
    1. Recovery
    2. Response
    3. Preparedness
    4. Prevention and mitigation
    5. Identification

    Author of lecture Phases of Disaster Management (Nursing)

     Heide Cygan, DNP, RN

    Heide Cygan, DNP, RN

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