Causes: we wanna walk through few of this that are important.
So we have something underline causing accumulation
of fluid within the cavities.
Now, with neoplasm, it’s interesting because with
neoplasm let there be breast cancer or lung cancer.
The effusions that are taking place in the
pericardial cavity could be perhaps bloody.
At that type of fluid that it accumulating within your cavity
that can be pleural cavity or here the pericardial cavity.
Will bid slow. So you can actually accumulate quite a bit
of fluid before the patient actually feels the symptoms
right of what, fullness. So this is not
so much about accumulating fluid rapidly
like cardiac tamponade secondary to
ventricular wall rapture, that’s unclear.
Postmyocardial infraction could be a cause.
And we’ve talked about this as well.
Remember, post MI that’s a weaken to this.
It is scar formation but it is not very strong.
A ventricular aneurysm and your always at risk for rapture.
Postpericardiotomy syndrome, hypothyroidism,
viruses – Coxsackie.
So coxsackie was seen in a bunch of places now.
Coxsackie could be a possible cause of pericarditis,
could be a cause of myocarditis and
could also give rise to effusions.
Influenza and perhaps even Echo.
Bacteria: staph, tuberculosis is a big one. Tuberculosis
at times could be a type of fluid were its hemorrhagic.
Connective tissue disease: SLE form
head to toe is often affecting you.
Trauma is dangerous.
Uremia here I wish to point out.
Uremia is not something that you are going to measure
through labs per say. Uremia to you, should
automatically mean renal failure. And by renal failure,
you mean chronically renal failure, okay.
And when we talk about end stage renal disease, then its
the signs that you as a clinician, are going to them
pick out in your patient such as, once again, there is
going to be anemia, a normal static type of anemia.
Because of lack of BPO. There might be calcium deficiency
because there is no proper activation of vitamin D.
and so forth, then may result an issues of pericardial cavity.
Drug induced, are it’s an important, important
side of the different ideologies of effusion.