Now, can you move around?
And the answer is in certain situation is, yes.
So we call it social mobility.
It refers to the ability to move up
or down within a social stratified system.
So say for example in America, or North America.
It is possible to live the American dream,
meaning, you come in with nothing.
I came with 40 cents in my pocket. And now,
look at me I have this home, I have this car,
I own a restaurant, I’m successful.
They came in at a low class and they worked
and used their mind or their hands and labored.
and really lived the American dream.
And have moved up in the social class, okay.
You also have the ability to go
the way down you can be successful.
You can lose everything.
And the next thing you know,
you’re living on the streets, you’re on welfare or
you’ve moved different as wrong as that social ladder.
Now, intergenerational mobility occurs when
there is a change in your social economic status
between your parents and
children within a family.
So I said, here successful kids.
So say for example,
Again, this is probably one of the prominent dreams that
you have is that you come into this country with nothing.
And you live the American dream.
Now, that allows you to give a better
life to your kids. And all of a sudden,
you came with nothing and you work your butt off
and you’re able to eco a home and a life
having a corner store or a restaurant or
you got a decent job at the bank.
And you provide it for your family.
But now, your kids have their baseline over their
starting from was much higher than you were at.
So middle class or working class.
But then, they were able to go, go to school,
rate their MCAT’s, become a great doctor
and now they are affluent. They are high in the
NCS scale and they are very, very successful.
And your parents got to see this. That would be
an example of intergenerational mobility.
So you have succeeded your parents.
And between generations you have
become more successful.
Now, you can have intragenerational mobility.
And this refers to change between
different members of the same generation.
So say, in your scenario, you have a sibling.
And that sibling decided not to go to medical school.
Instead they were happy being an artist.
Which is great.
But financially they are not as affluent.
And so, they kind of just make a living.
They do their art and they are happy.
But in comparison to you, you’ve going to school,
you’re world re-known surgeon.
You might be considered higher up on the SES scale.
And so, you’ll be eclipsed or moved up a
couple of classes versus a brother or a sister.
The example I have here is Bill Gates, who is
as of this year again was the richest man in the world.
And he has a sister.
So I think we can clearly say, in terms of
intergenerational mobility, he is attached higher
than his sister in terms of SES.
Now, Let us take a look at meritocracy.
What is this?
This is an idea where we would stratisfy
a group -- so silently speaking
based on a merit or personal effort
as opposed to the other
factor that we considered.
Its great it’s an idealized system
saying this would be a great idea.
But no society really has stratified based on
effort and its very rarely implemented.
So you think, I’m going to increase your place
in the society because you worked extremely hard.
Now, a janitor who’s cleaning
the floors can work exceptionally hard.
Forty hours, sixty hour a week,
And you can say that’s really hard work
that’s backbreaking labor and you did that.
Because you worked really hard, I’m going to have
you higher up on our social ladder.
And you could have a lazy lawyer, or
a lazy doctor, only sees a few patients a day.
And they’re going to be low
because in terms of effort you’re lower.
Now you can argue that well to become
a doctor you have to put in a lot of effort but
I’ll let’s move out of the equation for now.
I’m just focusing in the now.
Social effort, I mean, personal effort
reflects your standing.
And we know, we definitely know, in our society
that’s not how things actually were setup.