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Parathyroid Hormone (Nursing)

by Jasmine Clark

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      Slides Nursing Physiology The Endocrine System.pdf
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    00:00 The next endocrine gland that we'll discuss is the parathyroid gland. The parathyroid glands are 4-8 tiny, yellow brown glands that are embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid.

    00:17 They contain 2 types of cells, oxyphil cells in which the function is not really clear and parathyroid cells which are going to secrete the hormone parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid hormone is another important hormone in calcium homeostasis. It is going to be secreted in response to low blood calcium levels and triggers osteoclast activity to break down bone and release calcium into the blood. It is inhibited by negative feedback loop with rising levels of calcium. The target organs of the parathyroid hormone include the skeleton, the kidneys, and the intestines. Parathyroid hormone is going to stimulate osteoclast to digest bone matrix and release calcium into the blood. It also works by enhancing reabsorption of calcium and secretion of phosphate by the kidneys. Lastly, parathyroid hormones are able to promote activation of vitamin D by the kidneys. Vitamin D leads to an increased absorption of calcium by our intestinal mucosa.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Parathyroid Hormone (Nursing) by Jasmine Clark is from the course Endocrine System – Physiology (Nursing).


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. It enhances reabsorption of calcium and secretion of phosphate by the kidneys.
    2. It enhances reabsorption of phosphate and secretion of calcium by the pituitary.
    3. It enhances reabsorption of calcium and secretion of phosphate by the parathyroid gland.
    4. It enhances reabsorption of phosphate and secretion of calcium by the hypothalamus.

    Author of lecture Parathyroid Hormone (Nursing)

     Jasmine Clark

    Jasmine Clark


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