Nursing Theory

by Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN

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    00:01 Welcome to the discussion of nursing theory.

    00:04 So many of you may be asking, why do we even need to use nursing theory? So it actually provides nurses with a perspective to view the client's situation, and a way to organize data that we collect in even a means for interpreting that data.

    00:21 Now nursing theory is important because it does provide a framework that explains how our knowledge base and our practice can fit together.

    00:31 Let's take a look at a particular interdisciplinary theory.

    00:35 If you take a look at this pyramid, you are going to see this again across multiple different disciplines in their education.

    00:42 We actually call this Maslow's hierarchy of needs.

    00:46 And I promise you, you will see this again.

    00:48 Now this is important as you can imagine, nurses, we have to have a strong knowledge of those other disciplines such as physicians, physical therapists, occupational therapists to help meet our client's needs.

    01:01 So if you take a look at this triangle, I want you to focus that on the bottom, this is actually where we start.

    01:08 So we need to make sure as multidisciplinary team that we're focusing on the patient's physiological needs first, at here at the base.

    01:17 And what I mean by this is water, food and shelter, for example, and then those safety needs.

    01:24 So again, note here that we have to meet these basic needs before we can move up this triangle to meet the physiological needs of the patient.

    01:33 And this is going to include like self-esteem, and the feeling of belongingness and love.

    01:38 Now, if we are able to move up this triangle with our healthcare team, to meet the basic needs, the physiological needs of the client, we hope that our goal is to meet the self-fulfillment needs and hit the self-actualization phase of this theory.

    01:54 And just know that some interdisciplinary theories, these are going to include developmental theories, psychosocial and system theories.

    02:03 Now let's take a look at some nursing theorists and how their particular theory can translate to our practice.

    02:10 If we start here at the top with Florence Nightingale, she had an environmental theory that utilize the environment to care for individuals in their recovery.

    02:21 Next is Hildegard Peplau and her theory emphasize on interpersonal relations, and this is really talking about how relationships between the patient and the nurse helped develop more therapeutic care.

    02:36 Now don't forget about Virginia Henderson's need theory.

    02:39 This is really focusing on how the expectation of the nurse should carry out our intended care, but we're increasing the patient's level of independence.

    02:50 And lastly of the nursing theorists, we have Jean Watson's all important philosophy and theory of transpersonal caring.

    02:58 This concept is just stating that health is really better promoted through caring than just medical care alone.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Nursing Theory by Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN is from the course Foundations of Nursing Practice and Nursing Healthcare Systems.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Hildegard Peplau
    2. Florence Nightingale
    3. Virginia Henderson
    4. Jean Watson
    1. It explains how nursing knowledge and practice fit together
    2. It provides perspective on the client’s situation
    3. It provides ways to organize data, but not interpret it
    4. It explains how to perform clinical skills step by step

    Author of lecture Nursing Theory

     Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN

    Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN

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