Welcome to the discussion of nursing theory.
So many of you may be asking, why
do we even need to use nursing theory?
So it actually provides nurses with a
perspective to view the client's situation,
and a way to organize data that we collect
in even a means for interpreting that data.
Now nursing theory is important because
it does provide a framework that explains
how our knowledge base and
our practice can fit together.
Let's take a look at a
particular interdisciplinary theory.
If you take a look at this pyramid,
you are going to see this again
across multiple different
disciplines in their education.
We actually call this
Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
And I promise you, you will see this again.
Now this is important as you can imagine,
nurses, we have to have a strong knowledge
of those other disciplines such as physicians,
physical therapists, occupational therapists
to help meet our client's needs.
So if you take a look at this triangle, I
want you to focus that on the bottom,
this is actually where we start.
So we need to make sure
as multidisciplinary team
that we're focusing on the patient's
physiological needs first, at here at the base.
And what I mean by this is water,
food and shelter, for example,
and then those safety needs.
So again, note here that we
have to meet these basic needs
before we can move up this triangle to
meet the physiological needs of the patient.
And this is going to include like self-esteem,
and the feeling of belongingness and love.
Now, if we are able to move up
this triangle with our healthcare team,
to meet the basic needs, the
physiological needs of the client,
we hope that our goal is to
meet the self-fulfillment needs
and hit the self-actualization
phase of this theory.
And just know that some interdisciplinary
theories, these are going to include
psychosocial and system theories.
Now let's take a look at some nursing
theorists and how their particular theory
can translate to our practice.
If we start here at the top with Florence
Nightingale, she had an environmental theory
that utilize the environment to
care for individuals in their recovery.
Next is Hildegard Peplau and her theory
emphasize on interpersonal relations,
and this is really talking about how
relationships between the patient and the nurse
helped develop more therapeutic care.
Now don't forget about Virginia
Henderson's need theory.
This is really focusing on how the expectation
of the nurse should carry out our intended care,
but we're increasing the
patient's level of independence.
And lastly of the nursing theorists, we
have Jean Watson's all important philosophy
and theory of transpersonal caring.
This concept is just stating that health
is really better promoted through caring
than just medical care alone.