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NSAIDs Induced Peptic Ulcer Disease

by Carlo Raj, MD
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    00:01 NSAID Associated Peptic Ulcer Disease Your patient taking, let’s say, NSAIDs for osteoarthritis or in general, just inflammation of the joints; have been taking this over decades.

    00:17 And with the NSAIDs as we mentioned earlier, if the prostaglandins are then lost within the stomach, the lining of the stomach in fact now becomes vulnerable to the acid abuse and so therefore may bring about erosion of the lining resulting in peptic ulcer disease of the stomach.

    00:35 The first case that you’re going to find with peptic ulcer disease of the stomach but long term use, you consider this to be acute.

    00:43 And it’s not like you take one Aspirin or you take one Ibuprofen and then all of a sudden the patient develops peptic ulcer disease.

    00:50 That makes no sense.

    00:53 You have to be taking these drugs over a long period of time.

    00:57 Also keep in mind, though, if NSAIDs are being taken over long period of time that in the kidney, with prostaglandins responsible for keeping the afferent arteriole open; if NSAIDs are taken, you take out the prostaglandin, you’re at risk of vasoconstricting the afferent and over a long period of time, you as well, you’re worried about chronic kidney injury.

    01:23 Is that clear? Two major organ systems that are extremely vulnerable to attack with NSAID use.

    01:30 And really because of the easy accessibility of these drugs by the patient over the counter, you have to properly educate your patient because they’re going to be popping pills all of the time whenever they feel pain.

    01:44 And I’m talking popping pills excessively for long periods of time and they may or may not even tell you.

    01:49 Right? Increased risk of bleeding with low dose and high dose Aspirin.

    01:56 Further increased risk of dose dependencies which you’re worried about.

    01:59 Exactly what I was saying, if the patients are in pain, they might be taking Aspirin and they might be increasing the dosage without you ever knowing.

    02:08 It is important that you establish in your practice, excellent rapport with your patients so that they're being transparent between you and your patient.

    02:20 Enteric coating does not reduce the risk of bleeding.

    02:24 Do not allow the advertisements and the commercials to fool you.

    02:29 High rate of mortality for NSAID associated with GI bleeding.

    02:35 Who is your patient with NSAID associated peptic ulcer disease: who are aged 70, higher dose of NSAIDs, often associated with <i>H. pylori</i>, and concomitant corticosteroids.

    02:49 Remember please, with NSAIDs, they might very well be in pain and if they are, they’re probably taking Prednisone as well.

    02:58 My goodness! A combination of NSAIDs and corticosteroids definitely compromises the production of your prostaglandin therefore increases the risk of peptic ulcer disease further.

    03:11 Also, anticoagulants.

    03:14 Prior history of peptic ulcer disease and history of cardiovascular disease as well.

    03:23 NSAIDs what does it do? Inhibits your prostaglandin Management PPI and remove the NSAIDs At some point in time if peptic ulcer disease has kicked in, remove the offending agent, educate your patient properly and PPIs.

    03:41 Always feature <i>H. pylori. </i> Highly indicated gastric or duodenum.

    03:46 <i>H. pylori</i>, for the most part, you assume is present.

    03:52 Prophylaxis Misoprostol, a prostaglandin.

    03:56 It’s a prostaglandin E derivative and combats the effects of NSAIDs.

    04:02 Diarrhea is a dose limiting side effect, however, and absolutely contraindicated in pregnancy.

    04:12 Prophylaxis: PPI Superior to H2 blockers we’ve talked about when it comes to acid control.

    04:21 COX−2 inhibitors might be a possible alternative.

    04:26 Lacks cardiovascular protective effect.

    04:29 And GI protective effect lost with concomitant baby Aspirin use.

    04:35 So COX−2 inhibitors, you've heard of Celecoxib, so on and so forth, might be alternatives that you’re looking for when dealing with NSAID associated peptic ulcer disease.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture NSAIDs Induced Peptic Ulcer Disease by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Stomach and Duodenum Diseases.


    Author of lecture NSAIDs Induced Peptic Ulcer Disease

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD


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