Mitral Stenosis: Visualisation

by Carlo Raj, MD

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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Mitral Stenosis: Visualisation by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Valvular Heart Disease.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Rheumatic heart disease
    2. Congenital mitral stenosis
    3. Bicuspid valve
    4. Low output-cardiac failure
    5. Pericarditis
    1. Left atrium
    2. Left ventricle
    3. Right atrium
    4. Pulmonary vessels
    5. Right ventricle
    1. PCWP of 21 mmHg
    2. Central venous pressure of 7 mmHg
    3. Left atrial pressure of 9 mmHg
    4. Left ventricular systolic pressure of 120 mmHg
    5. Right ventricular systolic pressure of 25 mmHg
    1. P wave corresponding with the left atrial kick
    2. Q wave corresponding with depolarization of the interventricular septum
    3. T wave corresponding with repolarization of the ventricles
    4. QRS complex corresponding with ventricular isovolumetric contraction
    5. Delta wave associated with short PR interval
    1. y-descent
    2. a-wave
    3. x-descent
    4. c wave
    5. v wave
    1. It is formed by tricuspid valve bulge into the right atrium during ventricular contraction
    2. It represents bulging of the mitral leaflets back into the left atrium
    3. It corresponds with isovolumetric contraction
    4. It represents the atrial relaxation
    1. It is associated with opening of the mitral valve
    2. It occurs directly before diastole
    3. It represents the portion of the cardiac cycle when the atria is most full
    4. It is usually followed by the y-descent
    5. It is the point in the cardiac cycle where the ventricle has the least volume
    1. S2 directly following by opening snap, and then a mid-diastolic rumble
    2. The opening snap occurs later in diastole in severe mitral stenosis compared to early mitral stenosis
    3. The murmur extends across more of diastole in severe mitral stenosis compared to early mitral stenosis
    4. A mid-systolic click is an added sound in severe mitral stenosis that is not present in early mitral stenosis
    5. The murmur is best heard closer to the apex in severe mitral stenosis and closer to the 2nd intercostal space in mild mitral stenosis

    Author of lecture Mitral Stenosis: Visualisation

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD

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    Makes Learning Negative
    By DAVID L. on 03. July 2018 for Mitral Stenosis: Visualisation

    This doctor is always demeaning. He clearly demonstrates why instructors should learn to say phrases like "Some students" or "often times students will confuse..." It is significantly less demeaning than "You". Also, he ASSUMES we are thinking wrong "Why in the world would you?", "Don't do that!" , or "Let it go!" I never had it, so why would I let it go??? He needs to eliminate all these comments about how he thinks we are thinking and just communicate the information. It is hard to concentrate on the pathophysiology when he is constantly projecting negativity. Learning is supposed to be a positive experience, not a negative one.

    By andrea n. on 17. June 2018 for Mitral Stenosis: Visualisation

    explica demasiado rapido y no señala las graficas para poder entender de que habla.